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Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
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Ancient Rome

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  • 1. Ancient Rome Ch. 13 Sec. 3 & 4
  • 2. Early Peoples of Italy <ul><li>Rome grew from several small villages </li></ul><ul><li>Rome was first ruled by Latin kings </li></ul><ul><li>Established a republic , which is a government in which voters elect their leaders </li></ul>
  • 3. Government & Society <ul><li>Early days of the Roman Republic, the heads of a small number of aristocratic families, known as patricians , elected officials from themselves to rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Common people were called plebeians , they also took part in government. </li></ul><ul><li>Consuls were two magistrates who ran the government and commanded the army. </li></ul>
  • 4. Government & Society <ul><li>The center for all Roman society was the forum </li></ul><ul><li>Important focus of Roman life was army </li></ul><ul><li>Only citizens between the ages of 17 & 46 who owned property were required to serve in the military </li></ul>
  • 5. 3 Bodies of Government <ul><li>The Senate (controlled the republic’s funds and relations with other governments) </li></ul><ul><li>Consuls (ran the government and commanded the army, ruled with the advice of the Senate) </li></ul><ul><li>Assemblies (made laws and elected officials) </li></ul>
  • 6. Roman Expansion <ul><li>By 275 B.C., Rome controlled all of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Rome came into conflict with Carthage, this started the First Punic War </li></ul><ul><li>The Carthaginians asked for peace finally…then their general Hannibal invaded Italy starting the Second Punic War. </li></ul><ul><li>He was finally defeated in 202 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman armies completely destroyed Carthage and conquered Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>The outcome of the Punic Wars was that Rome ruled land from the Atlantic to the Aegean. </li></ul>
  • 7. The Gracchi <ul><li>The gov’t named Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus- the Gracchi -they wanted to help poor people. </li></ul><ul><li>They thought that land won through conquest should be given to poor workers </li></ul><ul><li>This angered the senate and caused a riot </li></ul><ul><li>Tiberius was killed during a riot & Gaius died soon after </li></ul><ul><li>Violence became a major political tool </li></ul>
  • 8. 3 conflicts that changed Roman Republic <ul><li>Role of the army </li></ul><ul><li>Social War </li></ul><ul><li>Dictators </li></ul>
  • 9. Julius Caesar <ul><li>Pompey, Caesar, and Crassus formed the First Triumvirate or “rule of three” </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar was such a good organizer that his fame grew and he became a hero. </li></ul><ul><li>Crassus died and Caesar defeated Pompey in a civil war. </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate declared Caesar dictator for life, however some senators didn’t agree and assassinated him in the Senate House. </li></ul>
  • 10. Octavian <ul><li>Members of the Second Triumvirate included Octavian, Marc Antony, and a consul named Lepidus. </li></ul><ul><li>Lepidus was pushed aside and the other two decided to half the republic, but a civil war broke out. </li></ul><ul><li>Octavian defeated Marc Antony and his ally, Queen Cleopatra of Egypt. Later Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Octavian ruled Rome alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Republic was gone and a new era was beginning. </li></ul>
  • 11. Augustus Caesar <ul><li>The republic became an empire, which is a form of gov’t that united different places and people under one ruler. </li></ul><ul><li>The reign of Augustus Caesar was called the Pax Romana or “Roman Peace” which lasted more than 200 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans however paid for the price of peace b/c he limited the powers of the Senate and gave himself full control </li></ul><ul><li>Emperors after him abused this power. </li></ul>
  • 12. Julio-Claudian Emperors <ul><li>Some were effective: Tiberius was a good leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Caligula-tortured and murdered people </li></ul><ul><li>Claudius-improved the gov’t, but was poisoned by his wife </li></ul><ul><li>Nero-mentally unstable, committed suicide </li></ul>
  • 13. Good Emperors <ul><li>Trajan </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian </li></ul><ul><li>Marcus Aurelius </li></ul>
  • 14. Christianity <ul><li>Judea was the birthplace of Christianity. Jesus began to teach here. </li></ul><ul><li>His taught his followers to believe in only one God and love others as they loved themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>He performed miracles and defended the poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus was arrested and sentenced to death by crucifixion b/c the authorities thought that Jesus thought he was above the law. </li></ul><ul><li>His disciples , or followers, believed that he rose from the dead and ascended to heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and it became the official religion of the Roman Empire. </li></ul>
  • 15.  
  • 16. Decline of the Empire <ul><li>Romans spent too much money entertaining themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>They trained slaves called gladiators to fight. </li></ul><ul><li>Crime increased. </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes went up. </li></ul><ul><li>Invasions made Rome weak. </li></ul><ul><li>The empire fell apart. </li></ul>

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