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Wound Ballistics and Body Armor Paper Presentation
 

Wound Ballistics and Body Armor Paper Presentation

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This is the slide deck I used to present my capstone history paper at BGSU.

This is the slide deck I used to present my capstone history paper at BGSU.

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    Wound Ballistics and Body Armor Paper Presentation Wound Ballistics and Body Armor Paper Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Wound Ballistics and Variables of Body Armor Development Sam Spurlin HIST 480 4 December 2007
    • Thesis
      • Wound ballistics is the scientific basis of body armor
      • However, it fell into a secondary role
      • Once the scientific basis was established (wound ballistics) and technology improved, other variables became more important to BA development
      • Those variables are, weight/comfort, cost/ease of production, and bureaucracy
    • Theodor Kocher (1872-1917)
      • “ Father of wound ballistics”
      • Swiss-surgeon
      • Study gunshot wounds for better surgery
      • Full-metal jacketed bullet
    • Cavitation
      • As tissue moves away from bullet path, a vacuum is formed
      • Explains the ‘explosive’ effect of modern wounds
      • Permanent vs. temporary cavity
    • WWII Casualty Surveys Distribution of wounds in 369 battle casualties, by anatomic location “ Perhaps most important of all the conclusions reached by this team concerned the feasibility of body armor…” ( Wound Ballistics, Medical Department of the United States Army, 1962: 723-24)
    • Wound Ballistics and Weapons
      • Data from wound ballistics studies used to make more effective weapons
        • Fragment size
        • Optimal energy
      • Cluster bombs, “daisy cutters”, landmines
    • Civil War
      • Private acquisition
      • Atwater Armor Co. and G&D Cook and Co.
      • Weight
      • Ridicule
    • WWI
      • M-1917
        • Modeled after British (MkI)
        • Ballistic deficiencies, easy to mass produce
      • Brewster Body Shield
        • 40 lbs.
        • Limited use by snipers, machine gun crews etc.
      “ Effort should be continued toward development of a satisfactory form of personal body armor.” -General Pershing (1917)
    • WWII
      • Wisbrod Armored Vest and Armorette
        • Developed by British
        • Tested in 1941
        • Passed ballistic testing
        • Too heavy
    • WWII (cont.)
      • Ground body armor program basically abandoned
      • 1943
        • Endorsement written to the Army Air Force by the Army Ordnance Dept.
      • “ Flak” jackets
        • M1, M2, M3, M4, M6
      M6 “flak” jacket Brigandine circa 1400
    • Korean and Vietnam Wars
      • M-12
        • 12 lbs.
        • Greatly reduced wounding capacity of shrapnel
      • M-1952
        • 75% all fragments
        • 25% of small-arms fire
        • Uncomfortable
    • Personnel Armor System For Ground Troops (PASGT) & Interceptor Body Armor System
      • PASGT
        • Early 80’s-2003
        • Kevlar instead of ballistic-nylon
        • Could not stop most rifle rounds
      • Interceptor
        • Ceramic inserts
          • One use
          • Fragile
        • Political wrongdoing?
        • Dragon Skin
    • Conclusion
      • Wound ballistics = basis of body armor + improved munitions makes body armor needed
      • Wound ballistics fell into the background because armor weight/comfort, cost/ease of production, and bureaucracy gained importance