Government at Work
    The Bureaucracy
objective
• describe and explain the role and major
  criticisms of the federal bureaucracy.
what is the federal
bureaucracy?
• the nation’s largest employer (2.7
  million).
• carries out the day-to-day work of the...
what are the benefits of a
bureaucracy?
• hierarchical authority.
• job specialization.
• formalized rules.
criticisms of the federal
bureaucracy
• “red tape.”
• inefficient.
• wasteful.
Executive Office of the
President
•   The White House Office
•   The National Security Council
•   Office of Homeland Secu...
The Cabinet
• informal advisory body brought together by
  the President to serve his needs.
  – 15 different departments
...
selecting Cabinet
members
• head of each department is appointed
  by the President and confirmed by who?
• influential fa...
Independent agencies
• Set up outside the Cabinet departments.
• Why independent agencies?
  – Not a good fit anywhere els...
examples of independent
agencies
•   NASA
•   Social Security Administration
•   Federal Election Commission
•   Civil Rig...
government corporations
• subject to the President’s direction and
  control.
• set up by Congress to carry out
  business...
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Federal Bureaucracy

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Federal Bureaucracy

  1. 1. Government at Work The Bureaucracy
  2. 2. objective • describe and explain the role and major criticisms of the federal bureaucracy.
  3. 3. what is the federal bureaucracy? • the nation’s largest employer (2.7 million). • carries out the day-to-day work of the government. – mail delivery, regulate businesses, collect taxes, manage national forests etc.
  4. 4. what are the benefits of a bureaucracy? • hierarchical authority. • job specialization. • formalized rules.
  5. 5. criticisms of the federal bureaucracy • “red tape.” • inefficient. • wasteful.
  6. 6. Executive Office of the President • The White House Office • The National Security Council • Office of Homeland Security • Office of Management and Budget
  7. 7. The Cabinet • informal advisory body brought together by the President to serve his needs. – 15 different departments – state, treasury, defense, justice, interior, agriculture, commerce, labor, health and human services, housing and urban development, transportation, energy, education, veterans affairs, homeland security.
  8. 8. selecting Cabinet members • head of each department is appointed by the President and confirmed by who? • influential factors include: – party – campaign role – geography – women/minorities – qualifications?
  9. 9. Independent agencies • Set up outside the Cabinet departments. • Why independent agencies? – Not a good fit anywhere else (General Services Administration) – Protected from partisan and pressure politics.
  10. 10. examples of independent agencies • NASA • Social Security Administration • Federal Election Commission • Civil Rights Commission
  11. 11. government corporations • subject to the President’s direction and control. • set up by Congress to carry out business-like activities • Amtrak, U.S. Postal Service, the FDIC, the Tennessee Valley Authority etc. • government regulation vs. private corporations?

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