Why Isolationism?• casualties from WWI (Europe’s war)• Americans didn’t want to get involved in the problems of a continent thousands of miles away• fear of becoming reliant on other countries• fear of radical influences from other countries
Isolationist Policies (after WWI)• refusal to join the League of Nations –Article X • needed permission from foreign powers to declare war• creation of tariffs• legislation reducing immigration• Neutrality Acts (1935, 1936, 1937, 1939)
USA in WWII (1939-1941)• recovering from the Great Depression• Sept. 1940 – Selective Training and Service Act• March 1941 – Lend-Lease Act – “An Act to Further Promote the Defense of the United States” – provided aid to our allies (Britain, free France, China, etc.) – ended the Neutrality Act of 1939
U.S. Entrance into WWII• German U-boat attacks• Dec. 7, 1941 – Attack on Pearl Harbor – tipping point – initially only declared war on Japan• defend democracy, defend freedom, stop fascism, and help our allies
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