Blitzkrieg

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Blitzkrieg

  1. 1. World War II Blitzkrieg
  2. 2. Appeasement• giving in to aggressive demands to maintain peace• Timeline – March 1936 – remilitarized the Rhineland – March 1938 – Anschluss (annexation of Austria) – September 1938 – Munich Conference/Sudeten Crisis (annexation of the Sudetenland)
  3. 3. Agreements• 1936 – Anti-Comintern Pact – Germany & Japan – 1937 – Italy• 1938 – Munich Conference• 1939 – German-Italian Alliance• August 1939 – Non-Aggression Pact – Germany & Soviet Union
  4. 4. Blitzkrieg• “blitz” = lightning• “krieg” = war• September 1, 1939 – Invasion of Poland – official start of WWII• September 3 – Britain & France declare war on Germany• September 17 – Russia invades Poland• October 6 – Poland surrenders
  5. 5. Blitzkrieg• April 1940 – Denmark surrenders – Norway surrenders – Netherlands surrenders• May 1940 – Belgium surrenders
  6. 6. Invasion of France• May 1940 – invasion begins• Evacuation @ Dunkirk – 300,000+ Allied troops escape across the English Channel – Hitler’s 1st major blunder of WWII• June 1940 – German army enters Paris – Hitler – “This is the happiest day of my life.” – June 22 – France surrenders• Germany humiliates France
  7. 7. Battle of Britain• July 1940 – October 1940• Luftwaffe vs. RAF• German goal – soften up British defenses in preparation for a land invasion• Outcome – German defeat, British victory – Germany’s first defeat in WWII
  8. 8. Operation Barbarossa• Germany invades Russia• June 22, 1941• Hitler breaks the Non-Aggression Pact• Soviets are poorly trained, ill- equipped, and caught off guard• German troops unprepared for weather• easily the biggest blunder in Hitler’s military and political career

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