The black codes

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The black codes

  1. 1. Presidential Reconstruction Plans Lincoln Johnson <ul><li>All Southerners pardoned after taking oath of allegiance to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>States permitted back into Union when 10% of its voters took the oath. </li></ul><ul><li>Added to Lincoln’s: </li></ul><ul><li>Southern states had to approve 13 th Amendment. </li></ul><ul><li>States had to nullify ordinances of secession. </li></ul><ul><li>States had to cancel war debt. </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Black Codes
  3. 3. <ul><li>The 13 th Amendment outraged Southern slavery supporters. </li></ul><ul><li>Former slave owners and farmers were also terrified of the newly freed slaves, and how their freedom might affect the Southern way of life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The 13 th Amendment had made slavery illegal , but it couldn’t stop discrimination. </li></ul><ul><li>The Black Codes restricted all types of behavior for freed men. </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on the state, blacks couldn’t meet in public, own or rent a house in the city, be out after dark, or be self-employed. </li></ul><ul><li>Breaking these “laws” could get you fined, jailed, or whipped. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Abolitionist Newspaper Building Destroyed
  6. 6. The 14 th Amendment <ul><li>Granted citizenship to all freed men and guaranteed “equal protection of the law.” </li></ul><ul><li>Congress forced the Southern states to ratify the amendment. </li></ul><ul><li>When most didn’t, the U.S. military took over control of the South. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Fifteenth Amendment and the Ku Klux Klan
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gave every male citizen the right to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>It was intended to give blacks a voice in the South. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Southern Democrats worked to keep blacks away from the polls. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The KKK <ul><li>Founded in Pulaski, TN in 1865 as a social club for returning soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly became a terrorist organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Wore white robes and masks to disguise identities, but faced little danger from police. </li></ul><ul><li>Intimidated Republican voters (black and white) to keep them from the polls. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Klan Intimidation
  11. 11. <ul><li>Klan activities led to the Georgia Act of 1869. </li></ul><ul><li>The act returned Georgia to military rule, with a military commander and provisional governor. </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia had to ratify the 15 th Amendment before it could return to the Union. </li></ul>

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