Women in the late 1800’s


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Women in the late 1800’s

  1. 1. Women in the Late 1800’s/Early 1900’s
  2. 2. Women’s Work at Home <ul><li>Continued to perform most duties at home </li></ul><ul><li>Began shopping for items instead of making them </li></ul><ul><li>Macy’s opened in 1858 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Outside the Home <ul><li>1870: almost 2 million women over the age of 10 worked </li></ul><ul><li>Most 16-24 </li></ul><ul><li>Paid a lot less than men </li></ul><ul><li>Careers and married life can’t go together </li></ul>
  4. 4. Civil Disobedience <ul><li>Non-violent refusal to obey a law in an effort to change the law </li></ul><ul><li>Picketing, voting illegally, refusing to pay taxes </li></ul>
  5. 5. National American Woman Suffrage Association <ul><li>Many women had already been given numerous rights </li></ul><ul><li>Voting a major issue </li></ul><ul><li>Press for constitutional amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Movement strengthened in 1910 under Alice Paul and Lucy Burns </li></ul><ul><li>August 24, 1920, 19 th Amendment passed </li></ul>
  6. 6. 19 th Amendment <ul><li>The 19th Amendment (1920) to the Constitution of the United States provides men and women with equal voting rights. The amendment states that the right of citizens to vote &quot;shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.&quot; Although this equality was implied in the 14th Amendment (1868), most of the states continued to restrict or prohibit women's suffrage. </li></ul>
  7. 7. WWI Women on the Home Front <ul><li>Liberty bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Rationed </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs opened up for women </li></ul><ul><li>Higher paid jobs </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 women joined the Industrial force for the first time </li></ul>
  8. 8. Women in the 1920’s <ul><li>Flapper Image </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shorter dresses, haircut, wore makeup, smoked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many dressed like a flapper for convenience but didn’t conform to the behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Working and Voting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still single </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No equal pay </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>35% actually voted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jeanette Rankin was the first Congresswoman in 1916 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Prohibition <ul><li>The prohibition was the ban on selling or consuming alcoholic beverages. This took effect in 1920 because the 18 th Amendment. </li></ul><ul><li>Many believed that alcohol consumption led to crime, wife and child abuse, job accidents, and other social problems </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Various religious groups thought drinking was sinful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformers believed that the government should protect the public’s health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformers believed that alcohol led to crime, wife and child abuse, and accidents on the job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During World War I, native-born Americans developed a hostility toward other immigrant groups that used alcohol </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumption of alcohol declined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disrespect for the law developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An increase in lawlessness, such as smuggling and bootlegging, was evident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criminals found a new source of income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized crime grew </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>55 counties in Kentucky are completely dry </li></ul><ul><li>During prohibition, many local governments passed local laws prohibiting the sale of alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the dry counties are in the deep South </li></ul><ul><li>Many of these prohibitions are religious in nature </li></ul>