Women in the late 1800’s
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Women in the late 1800’s

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    Women in the late 1800’s Women in the late 1800’s Presentation Transcript

    • Women in the Late 1800’s/Early 1900’s
    • Women’s Work at Home
      • Continued to perform most duties at home
      • Began shopping for items instead of making them
      • Macy’s opened in 1858
    • Outside the Home
      • 1870: almost 2 million women over the age of 10 worked
      • Most 16-24
      • Paid a lot less than men
      • Careers and married life can’t go together
    • Civil Disobedience
      • Non-violent refusal to obey a law in an effort to change the law
      • Picketing, voting illegally, refusing to pay taxes
    • National American Woman Suffrage Association
      • Many women had already been given numerous rights
      • Voting a major issue
      • Press for constitutional amendments
      • Movement strengthened in 1910 under Alice Paul and Lucy Burns
      • August 24, 1920, 19 th Amendment passed
    • 19 th Amendment
      • The 19th Amendment (1920) to the Constitution of the United States provides men and women with equal voting rights. The amendment states that the right of citizens to vote "shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex." Although this equality was implied in the 14th Amendment (1868), most of the states continued to restrict or prohibit women's suffrage.
    • WWI Women on the Home Front
      • Liberty bonds
      • Rationed
      • Jobs opened up for women
      • Higher paid jobs
      • 400,000 women joined the Industrial force for the first time
    • Women in the 1920’s
      • Flapper Image
        • Shorter dresses, haircut, wore makeup, smoked
        • Many dressed like a flapper for convenience but didn’t conform to the behavior
      • Working and Voting
        • Still single
        • No equal pay
        • 35% actually voted
        • Jeanette Rankin was the first Congresswoman in 1916
    • Prohibition
      • The prohibition was the ban on selling or consuming alcoholic beverages. This took effect in 1920 because the 18 th Amendment.
      • Many believed that alcohol consumption led to crime, wife and child abuse, job accidents, and other social problems
      • Causes
        • Various religious groups thought drinking was sinful
        • Reformers believed that the government should protect the public’s health
        • Reformers believed that alcohol led to crime, wife and child abuse, and accidents on the job
        • During World War I, native-born Americans developed a hostility toward other immigrant groups that used alcohol
      • Effects
        • Consumption of alcohol declined
        • Disrespect for the law developed
        • An increase in lawlessness, such as smuggling and bootlegging, was evident
        • Criminals found a new source of income
        • Organized crime grew
      • 55 counties in Kentucky are completely dry
      • During prohibition, many local governments passed local laws prohibiting the sale of alcohol.
      • Majority of the dry counties are in the deep South
      • Many of these prohibitions are religious in nature