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The colonies pp

The colonies pp






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    The colonies pp The colonies pp Presentation Transcript

    • The Colonies
    • I. Southern Colonies
      II. New England Colonies
      III. Middle Colonies
    • Movie Recommendations
      The Scarlet Letter
      The Crucible
    • I. Southern Colonies
    • A. White Women Newcomers
      150 Tobacco brides were sent between 1620-1621
      Passages paid for with 120 pounds of tobacco
      Gave males a sexual partner as well as help on the farm
      14% women
      After 1700’s becomes male to female ratio becomes more balanced
    • B. Tough Conditions
      Disease wiped out many of them
      Life span men 48 and women 39
      33% of couples expect their marriage to last 10 years or more
      Remarrying was common
    • C. Patriarchal
      Loose compared to Europe
      Daughters were sometimes left inheritance because the lifespan was so short
    • D. Married Women
      Subordinated their legal identity to her husband
      Children and property all belonged to the husband
      Men responsible for all legal actions
      With the adoption of slavery in the 1700’s, wealthier women sometimes would read and write, play music, and do needlework
    • Dower Right
      1/3 of the estate went to the wife if her husband died
      Sometimes they would receive more
    • E. Indentured Servants
      Property of masters for a fixed period of time
      Usually 4-7 years
      ¾ migrated to the Chesapeake were indentured servants
      Sent to the tobacco fields
      Some sexually exploited but couldn’t marry
      20% became pregnant which hurt their ability to work
    • F. African-American Women
      Tremendously changed the life of white women
      At first came over as indentured servants
      1643, law placed a tax on the labor of African women
      1662, established a law that said if your mom was free, you were free, but if your mom was a slave, you were a slave
    • AA Families
      No marriage and unions hard to obtain
      Separated through sale, which left the mother in charge of the children
      3 kids was the average
      Planted rice by digging a hole with their heal and dropping seed, then covered it up with their foot
      By 1720’s 9 kids was the average
    • II. New England Colonies
    • A. Puritans
      Persecuted in England
      4 to 1 male to female ratio
      Women married early
      7.8 children per family
      Hierarchy in place with established roles
      Impotence and desertion were two things that could led to divorce
    • Sex out of wedlock accepted as long as they married
      Women that had children without a father present were ridiculed publicly and could face punishment
      Schooling not as important for girls as they were for boys
    • B. Disorderly Women
      Anne Hutchinson
      Interpreted women’s roles and the Bible differently
      Held informal religious meetings in her home
      Trial in 1637 said that “she was a husband rather than a wife, a preacher rather than a listener, and a magistrate rather than a subject”
      Banished from Massachusetts and moved to Rhode Island
    • C. Witchcraft
      Most dramatic crime associated with women
      Salem Witchcraft trials in 1692 had 200 accused and 19 hung
      Satan’s servants
      Unique power?
      Women that were speaking out had to be possessed because they knew better than to defy gender roles
    • D. Women’s Work
      Childbearing, Childrearing, and food making
      Produced candles, soap, made clothes
      Many women worked together
      Spoke on behalf of husbands estate when he was away
      African-American women taught skill in “housewifery”
    • III. Middle Colonies
    • A. Women in NY and New Netherlands
      Dutch rule
      They could chose a marriage like what was prevalent in other Colonies
      They could chose to be equal, have the same rights, maintain legal identity, and maiden name
      Children did not receive inheritance until both parents died
    • This changed when the English started to have a greater influence in these colonies
    • B. Pennsylvania
      Established by William Penn and the Quakers
      Egalitarian society
      Believed that women should not be subordinate to men
      Women could teach and preach
      Rural areas were different as servitude was needed among women
      Female slaves were also maids