The changing status of women worksheet

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The changing status of women worksheet

  1. 1. The Changing Status of Women<br /><ul><li>Man is or should be woman's protector and defender. The natural and proper timidity and delicacy which belongs to the female sex evidently unfits it for many of the occupations of civil life....The paramount destiny and mission of women...to fulfill [is] the noble and benign office of wife and mother. This is the law of the Creator. And the rules of civil society must be adapted to the general constitution of things, and cannot be based on exceptional cases.</li></ul>Supreme Court, 1873, upholding an Illinois law which prohibited women from becoming attorneys<br /><ul><li>Under the operation of this amendment what will become of the family...? You will have a family with two heads--a "house divided against itself." You will no longer have that healthful and necessary subordination of wife to husband, and that unit of relationship which is required by a true and Christian marriage.Senator Thomas Bayard, 1874, attacking women's suffrage
  2. 2. Housewives! You do not need a ballot to clean out your sink spout. A handful of potash and some boiling water is quicker and cheaper....Control of the temper makes a happier home than control of elections....Good cooking lessens alcoholic craving quicker than a vote on local option.Women's Anti-Suffrage Association of Massachusetts
  3. 3. In a crowded city quarter, however, if the street is not cleaned by the city authorities no amount of private sweeping will keep the tenement free from grime; if the garbage is not properly collected and destroyed a tenement house mother may see her children sicken and die of diseases from which she alone is powerless to shield them, although her tenderness and devotion are unbounded. She cannot even secure untainted meat for her household, she cannot provide fresh fruit, unless the meat has been inspected by city officials, and the decayed fruit, which is so often placed upon sale in the tenement districts, has been destroyed in the interests of public health....If women would effectively continue their old avocations they must take part in the slow upbuilding of that code of legislation which is alone sufficient to protect the home from the dangers incident to modern life.Jane Addams
  4. 4. This government is menaced with great danger....That danger lies in the votes possessed by the males in the slums of the cities, and the ignorant foreign vote which was sought to be brought up by each party, to make political success....There is but one way to avert the danger--cut off the vote of the slums and give to woman, who is bound to suffer all, and more than man can, of the evils his legislation has brought upon the nation, the power of protecting herself that man has secured for himself--the ballot.Carrie Chapman Catt</li></ul>1. What arguments were used to justify a second-class role for late 19th century American women?<br />2. There was never a group of American men opposed extending the vote to themselves; so why did some women oppose extending the vote to women?<br />3. What were some of the arguments used by supporters of women's suffrage?<br /><ul><li>3806190734695Describe the basic changes that have taken place in the timing of key events of women's lives. How have these changes in your view altered the nature of family life?400000Describe the basic changes that have taken place in the timing of key events of women's lives. How have these changes in your view altered the nature of family life?The Changing Lives of American Women</li></ul>The Changing Family   Age of First Marriage Average Household Size  MaleFemale1790----5.79189026.122.04.93190025.921.94.76191025.121.64.541920 24.621.24.34193024.321.34.11194024.321.53.77195022.820.33.52<br />Age of Mothers at Various Stages of the Family Life Cycle188019201950Age of first marriage222120Birth of first child232323Birth of last child343130Marriage of last child555451Death of one spouse566566<br />Changes in Birth Rate and Divorce RateBirth Rate1800:2249805184785Woman SuffrageBefore 1920Wyoming1869Utah1870Colorado1893Idaho1896Washington1910California1911Arizona1912Kansas1912Oregon 1912 Alaska 1913 Montana 1914 Nevada 1914 New York 1917 Michigan 1918 Oklahoma 1918 South Dakota 1918 8. Which states gave women the vote first?9. Why do you think it was those particular states?00Woman SuffrageBefore 1920Wyoming1869Utah1870Colorado1893Idaho1896Washington1910California1911Arizona1912Kansas1912Oregon 1912 Alaska 1913 Montana 1914 Nevada 1914 New York 1917 Michigan 1918 Oklahoma 1918 South Dakota 1918 8. Which states gave women the vote first?9. Why do you think it was those particular states?7-8 children per mother1900:3.5 children per mother<br />Changes in Divorce RateDivorcePercentage of those married in that year that eventually divorced18708%189010%190012%192018%193024%194026%195030%196039%197048%<br /><ul><li>8890110490What factors, in your view, contributed to the decline in the birth rate?7. Has the divorce rate risen sharply or gradually? What factors might have contributed to the increasing divorce rate?400000What factors, in your view, contributed to the decline in the birth rate?7. Has the divorce rate risen sharply or gradually? What factors might have contributed to the increasing divorce rate?</li></ul>Women in the Labor Force  19001930Percentage of women in the labor force20.6 %24.8 %Proportion of labor force made up of women18.1 %21.9 %<br />Occupational Distribution of Women Workers (% of all women)19001930Professionals814Managers13Clerical and sales828Skilled artisans11Operatives and laborers2619Domestic Servants2918Other Service Workers710Farmers62Farm Laborers 13 6 <br />10. What proportion of women worked in 1900? In 1930?<br />11. How did the occupational distribution of women workers change over time?<br />

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