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Revolutionary notes

Revolutionary notes






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    Revolutionary notes Revolutionary notes Presentation Transcript

    • Women and the Revolutionary War
      • Women and the Emerging Crisis
      • NA and AA Women take sides
      • White Women
      • Service
      • NA and AA post-war
      • White Women
      • Women and Religion
      • Notable Women
    • I. Women and the Emerging Crisis
      • Involved as consumers and producers with taxes imposed by the British
      • Spinning bees for manufacturing the yarn for homemade cloth
      • AA women participated in spinning
      • Women=Liberty Daughters
      • NO British tea
    • II. NA and AA Women Take Sides
      • NA
        • 13,000 fought for the British
        • Split Iroquois confederacy
        • Many tribes women decided when to war
        • Remember these same Colonist had taken much of their land
      • B. AA
        • British promised many of them freedom if they joined loyalist
        • British formed “Company of Black Pioneers” that consisted of 72 men, 15 women, and 8 kids
    • III. White Women
      • Quaker women were pacifist
      • Assumed that whatever their husband was on was the side they supported
      • Some became spies
    • IV. Service
      • A. Few fought in combat
      • Some cross-dressed
      • Some traveled with their husbands
      • Nurses
      • Prostitutes
      • “ Not a woman belonging to the army is to been seen with troops on their march”-GW
      • “ that most male of institutions, the military”-historian
    • V. Post War NA and AA
      • NA are hard to gauge
        • Changing gender roles
        • Women lost a lot of influence
      • B. AA Women
        • Many received freedom
        • 42.3% that left NY were women with their kids
        • Quakers anti-slave
        • Many northern states AA gained freedom at 28
        • Networks of black institutions such as churches
        • Slaves that were pregnant worked deep into their pregnancies
    • VI. White Women
      • Mixed results
      • Shopkeepers, teachers, innkeepers, servants, seamstresses
      • “ Remember the ladies”
      • No votes
      • Improved education
    • VII. Women and Religion
      • The Great Awakening
        • Crucial for women
        • New egalitarian with an appeal that cut across gender, class, race, and slave status
        • More women than me in churches
        • Be set for eternity with risks in child bearings
      • B. Jemina Wilkinson
        • Said she was the female incarnation of Christ
      • C. Mother Ann Lee
        • Preacher and prophet
        • Dressed like a male
        • No sex
      • D. Deacons and Elders
      • E. Traveling preachers
      • F. AA Women
        • Some brought Islam over from Africa
        • Few churches condemned slavery
        • Don’t follow master’s religion
    • VIII. Famous Women
      • Martha Washington
        • Born on June 2, 1731 in Virginia
        • Many opportunities growing up
        • Married Daniel Parke Custis (very wealthy) at 18
        • 4 kids, 2 died in infancy
        • Custis died at 46 leaving no will
        • Fell in love with GW (8 months younger than her)
        • Lived at Mt. Vernon
        • She joined him at Valley Forge in 1778
        • Beginning in 1789, she became the first first lady
        • Lasted until 1797
        • GW died on Dec 14, 1799, causing Martha to shut herself off from the rest of the world
        • Freed all her slaves in 1800
        • May 22, 1802, shed died
      • B. Sally Hemming
        • Mixed-race slave of Thomas Jefferson
        • Said to be the half sister of Jefferson’s wife, Martha Skelton
        • Jefferson supposedly fathered children of Sally
        • Mixed belief throughout history
        • 1998 DNA tests
        • Duties included being a nursemaid-companion
        • No known images or writings from her
        • Children were light-skinned
        • Descendants of Sally, have told stories how they descended from Jefferson
        • Historians believe that we should take the evidence that’s there and come up with our own conclusion