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Origins of the cold war
 

Origins of the cold war

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    Origins of the cold war Origins of the cold war Presentation Transcript

    •  
      • What is a Cold War?
      • Why did the U.S. and Soviet Union have a conflict?
      • What was containment?
      • What is the domino effect?
      • What major events demonstrated the Cold War conflict
      • Definition
      • Face to Face Meetings
      • Post WWII Goals
      • Truman Doctrine
      • Marshall Plan
      • Berlin
      • NATO
      • Atomic Bomb
      • China
      • A. Continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition that existed after WWII between the United States (and its allies) and the Soviet Union (and its allies)
      • B. Lasted from 1947-1991
      • C. Tension had been mounting since 1917 when the Soviet Union emerged from the Russian Revolution as the world’s first communist state.
      • A. Yalta Conference
      • Agreed to divide Germany and Berlin
      • Stalin wanted the U.S.S.R. to pay 10 billion dollars in war damages
      • Wanted to control Poland with Communism
      • B. United Nations
      • Established to keep peace
      • United States, Great Britain, France, China, and the Soviet Union all have permanent seats
      • C. Potsdam Conference
      • Truman heard about the successful test of the Atomic bomb
      • Stalin knew of this because he had a spy
      • A. United States
      • Spread democracy and economic opportunity
      • Capitalism is defined as the economic system in which the means of production are owned by private persons, and operated for profit
      • Investments, distribution, income, production, and pricing of goods and services are predominantly determined through the operation of a free market.
      • B. Soviet Union
      • Communism is a socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless society based on common ownership of the means of production and property in general
      • Elimination of private property, goods are available only as needed
      • One of there viewpoints had to do with the violent overthrow of capitalism
      • Satellite Nations: countries subject to Soviet Union invasion
      • C. Containment
      • Not eliminate communism but contain it
      • American Diplomat, George Kennan developed the idea
      • D. The Iron Curtain
      • Speech delivered by Sir Winston Churchill
      • Represented a curtain that divided Europe
      • A. Proclamation by President Truman in 1947
      • B. Urged economic and military aid to countries that were threatened by Communism
      • C. Domino Effect
      • If one country fell to communism, others would follow
      • Greece and Turkey were two countries that we were very worried about
      • D. Other countries in Europe received aid to help them against communism
      • A. Soft side of the Truman Doctrine
      • B. Named after Secretary of State, George Marshall
      • C. Provide aid to countries in Europe to rebuild from WWII
      • D. Every country but Germany experienced tremendous growth
      • A. Eastern Germany part of German
      • B. Berlin Blockade
      • SU blocked access to West Berlin
      • France, GB, and U.S began airlifting supplies into West Berlin
      • The SU lifted the blockade, 10 months later.
      • C. Berlin Crisis
      • Soviet Union tells the Western powers that they have 6 months to leave
    •  
    •  
      • New United States President JFK said that the United States would not back down
      • The Soviet Union begins construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961
      • A. North American Trade Organization
      • B. Members agreed that if one nation was attacked, it was an attack on all nations in NATO
      • C. The Soviet Union responds with the Warsaw Pact
      • A. Soviet Union had their first successful test of the atomic bomb in 1949
      • B. Truman gave the approval for developing the hydrogen or thermonuclear bomb which was many times more destructive than the atomic bomb
      • A. Chinese government battled against communism since 1920
      • B. Chiang Kai-shek led the Chinese government
      • C. Mao Zedong led the communist party
      • D. After World War II, the communist party wins China and Chiang Kai-shek and his followers withdrew to Taiwan
      • E. Mao proclaimed the creation of the People’s Republic of China