An industrializing west
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An industrializing west Document Transcript

  • 1. An Industrializing West<br />
    • Go west young man!
    • 2. Land ownership was at the heart of a virtuous citizenry
    • 3. West was a safety valve from industrialization, urbanization and capitalism
    • 4. Free land would prevent wage slavery
    • 5. Preserve American values
    • 6. Homestead Act-men and women could get 160 acres of surveyed land, immigrants also eligible, had to live there for 5 years and build a house or barn, privileged white farmers over AA and Hispanics, cost roughly $1000 to do this, most could not afford this, Chinese denied access , no provision for poor in Eastern cities, drove Indians out of their land, most land fell into the hands of speculators
    • 7. Industrialization transformed the west from agrarian to industrial
    • 8. Railroads-helped to settle the west and create a national market for goods
    • 9. Pacific Railroad Bill-1862-land grants and loans to Union Pacific and Central Pacific to build a transcontinental railroad(Omaha to Sacremento)
    • 10. Govt gave away 131 million acres to build the railroad
    • 11. Backlash against chinese in Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882-to suspend immigration for 10 years due to influx of Chinese to work on railroads
    • 12. Joined in 1869 in Utah with a golden spike, nothing changed the west more than the railroads
    • 13. Mining-men were drawn by the 1849 gold rush but by 1870s were laborers for corporations
    • 14. Changes in processes like hydraulic mining led to massive returns but environmental devastation
    • 15. Railroads made mining of silver, gold and copper more lucrative
    • 16. Miners were overworked and underpaid, most dangerous job in American in 1900, unions struggled to bring change
    • 17. Ranching-majority of cowboys worked for corporations by the 1900s,
    • 18. 1/3 were AA, Hispanic or Indian
    • 19. Cattle drives and the open range-
    • 20. Railroads made cattle market explode, prices soared and the market was established in Texas
    • 21. Used cattle drives until railroad became accessible
    • 22. Linked cattle ranching and Chicago stockyards, later had the refrigerated railcar
    • 23. Open range grazing was used until supply exceeded demand, stopped moving cattle, smaller more specialized herds, barbed wire
    • 24. Industrial cowboys-railroads decreased the need for cowboys to move cattle to markets
    • 25. Mexican Americans-movement into Texas and California of whites forced MA to lose their lands over time and to suffer at the hands of groups like the Texas Rangers(vigilante group)
    • 26. Itinerant laborers-most lower level jobs were seasonal, people moved around and followed the work but industrialization created a precarious situation for the workers
    • 27. Homesteading and Farming
    • 28. 49% could not prove up their claim, others were beaten by the environment