India is a large country in southern Asia. It is separatedfrom the rest of Asia by the Himalayan Mountains.Because it is so big and cut off from the rest of thecontinent, it is called a subcontinent. To the south ofIndia is the Indian Ocean.India is the seventh largest country in the world. It hasdeserts, jungles, mountains, forests, and farms.The major rivers are the Indus River and the GangesRiver. Big cities include New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay,and Bangalore.India has half as many states as the U.S. has. Howmany states are in India?
Deserts /Plateaus Tibetan Plateau r Tha t er Des Deccan Plateau
The Deccan Plateau 31,800 square miles in size. Elevation range: 2,000 – 8,000 feet high. From the Sanskrit word, “dakshina” [“the south”].
The Tibetan Plateau The “Roof of the World.” average elevation is 16,400 feet.
The Thar Desert The Great Indian Desert 200 - 1500 feet in elevation. up to 127ºF in July.
December to March ~~~~ ColdApril to May ~~~~ Very hot (Oftenover 100 degrees)June to September ~~~~ MonsoonseasonOctober to November ~~~ less rain MONSOONS Monsoons are huge rain storms that come in from the Indian Ocean. They bring enough rain to supply water for the whole year. These storms have strong winds. They can flood and destroy farms and houses. Some have even killed people.
Monsoon Season• Nearly all of the rainfall for the entire year falls during the monsoon season.• The economy depended on the monsoon season in order for the farmers to grow crops.• The monsoon season made the land fertile for crops.
At about the same timethe pilgrims werelanding at PlymouthRock, the Taj Mahal wasbuilt. That was almost400 years ago.It took over ten years tobuild. More than twentythousand people andone thousand elephantshelped build it.. . .but why was it built?Any ideas?The Taj Mahal is in Agranear the capital of India.What is the capital ofIndia?
Shah Jahan was the emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. Hedeeply loved his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She died in 1631 when shewas giving birth to their fourteenth child.The emperor was so heartbroken that he decided to build a massivetomb in honor of their love. The two of them were buried togetherinside the Taj Mahal.Since Shah Jahan loved his wife so much, he used only the finestmarble. He also made sure that beautiful gems decorated hertomb.The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world.It is also a great tribute to love.
The Hindu New Year falls inOctober or November ofeach year.It is called Diwali, theFestival of Lights.For Diwali, people getdressed up in new clothes,send cards to friends andfamily, and give outpresents.Since it is the Festival ofLights, fireworks light up thesky.What AmericanHolidays arecelebrated like Diwali?
Many women in India wear beautiful saris. Their clothing is brightly colored. Forspecial events, women wear saris withgold embroidery and sequins.Men usually wear dhotis. They are loosepants, similar to pajamas. In big cities,men wear American style clothing.Children wear jeans, T-shirts, and skirts athome. They usually have uniforms forschool.Indian women love to wear jewelry. Theywear earrings, nose rings, bangles(bracelets), anklets, rings, necklaces, andeven jewelry in their hair!
Pitara for Kids - http:www.pitara.com This site contains books, stories, folk tales, andactivities for children.We Are India - http://weareindia.com/ This site contains photos and other links on culture,traditions, and art.Welcome to India - http://www.welcometoindia.com/culture This site contains info on culture, music, food, traveland more.History of India - http://www.historyofindia.com/home.html This site covers ancient, medieval, British, andmodern history.India for Kids – Snaith Primary Schoolhttp://www.home.freeuk.net/elloughton13/India.htmThis site shows a slideshow trip to India for children ages 7-9. Withlots of great links, photos, stories, and activities, this site is highlyrecommended.
Chantal Boulanger: Indian saris-researchhttp:www.devi.net/sari.htmlThis site has photos of saris and other Indian clothing. It also hasother links.Really Cookin’ Recipes for Kidswww2.whirlpool.com/html/homelife/cookin/India.htmThis site has Indian recipes for children to make.Experience India - http://www.vijnanakalavedi.org/ This site tells about different Indian art, music,and dance. It also contains great photographs, video clips, andmusic clips.India Parentinghttp://www.indiaparenting.com/Indiaculture/index.htm
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