Notice the difference between the first reading and the author’s version.
Elements of Poetry 2012
Discuss with the person next to you: What is poetry? What does it look like? Do all poems rhyme? Can anyone be a poet?
Poetry by Eleanor Farjeon What is Poetry? Who knows? Not a rose, but the scent of the rose; Not the sky, but the light in the sky; Not the fly, but the gleam of the fly; Not the sea, but the sound of the sea; Not myself, but what makes meSee, hear, and feel something that prose Cannot: and what it is, who knows?
Poetry is a type of literature in which the sound and meaning of language are combined to create ideas and feelings. There are two broad categories of poetry: Narrative Lyric
Lyric poems are shorter poems that are usually written in first person point of view “I” express an emotion or an idea or describe a scene do not tell a story and are often musical (Many of the poems we read will be lyrics.) Narrativepoems tell a story and are generally longer than lyric poems because the poet needs to establish characters and a plot.
Humorous poetry is often placed in its own separate category, but can be lyrical or narrative.
Louder Than a Clap of Thunder by Jack Prelutsky Louder than a clap of thunder, louder than an eagle screams, louder than a dragon blunders, or a dozen football teams, louder than a four alarmer, or a rushing waterfall, louder than a knight in armor jumping from a ten-foot wall. Louder than an earthquake rumbles, louder than a tidal wave, louder than an ogre grumbles as he stumbles through his cave, louder than stampeding cattle, louder than a cannon roars, louder than a giants rattle, thats how loud my father SNORES! Now, listen to the author read a selection from the poem.
Poems are written in stanzas, or groups of lines arranged together. “paragraphs” for poems Each stanza is made up of lines. Example: A Word by Emily Dickinson A word is dead When it is said, Some say. I say it just Begins to live that day. How many stanzas are in the poem? How many lines are in each stanza?
Rhythm is the beat of a poem. It is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Free Verse Rhyming Do not rhyme Rhyme Do not have a pattern May have a pattern Do not have a rhythm Has a rhythm Do not have a May have a structure structureRhyming words sound alike.Examples:“small & tall”“sew & grow”
Isused to show the reader how to read the poem Some poems may not have any punctuation. Some may have commas, periods, question marks, and exclamation points. Needs to be consistent
Imagery is the senses the poem stirs up in the reader. Imagery puts the reader IN the poem. It helps the reader to “see” the poem. The tools of imagery are 5 Senses & emotions : taste, touch, see, smell, and hear. Figurative language
Repetitive line found throughout the poem Is usually found in the same place in each stanza Similar to the chorus in a song
The tires on my bike are flat…The sky is grouchy gray. Flowers smell like halibut.At least it sure feels like that Velvet feels like hay.Since Hannah moved away. Every handsome dog’s a mutt Since Hannah moved away.Chocolate ice cream tastes likeprunes. Nothing’s fun to laugh about.December’s come to stay. Nothing’s fun to play.They’ve taken back the Mays andJunes They call me, but I won’t come outSince Hannah moved away. Since Hannah moved away. What is the refrain in this poem?
My Dog Plays Invisible Frisbee by Kenn NesbittMy dog plays invisible Frisbee.He catches invisible balls.He rides an invisible skateboard.He hurdles invisible walls.My dog has perfected the practice of doing invisible tricks.He jumps with invisible jump ropes and fetches invisible sticks.He barks at invisible mailmen.He growls at invisible cats.Hell bring me invisible slippers and even invisible hats.He chases invisible squirrels whenever we go for a jog.Hes clearly the greatest dog ever.I love my invisible dog.How many stanzas? Free Verse or Rhyming? Lyric, Narrative or Humorous?