Closing the gap in your cloud ecosystem capgemini mark skilton v1

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Closing the gap in your Cloud Ecosystem

Mark Skilton, Capgemini

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Closing the gap in your cloud ecosystem capgemini mark skilton v1

  1. 1. Closing the gap in your Cloud Ecosystem Mark Skilton, Global Director, Capgemini Co-chair , Cloud Computing Work Group, The Open Group
  2. 2. | Infrastructure Services THE POSIT OF THIS PRESENTATION IS : THE MARKET HAS MOVED ON FROM “WHAT IS CLOUD AND METRICS” TO “WHAT DO I NEED TO DO WITH CLOUD AND WHAT IS AVAILABLE OUT THERE AND WHAT ARE THE GAPS”. 2
  3. 3. | Infrastructure Services I WANT TO TALK ABOUT FOUR THINGS  Define the gaps and issues in defining an Ecosystem roadmap for cloud computing technology and business  Identify specific Cloud Ecosystem Notation ways to better visualize the potential of Cloud in an organization and user experience.  Illustration of specific Vertical Industry Case Studies of Cloud Ecosystems In action to address security, Service level compliance, monetization and competitiveness opportunities and challenges  Specific examples of how to identify and resolve key decisions affecting a Business and the creation and sustainability of its Cloud ecosystem
  4. 4. | Infrastructure Services WHAT IS THE ECOSYSTEM ? 4
  5. 5. | Infrastructure Services Micro and Macro trends of the last decade Business Technology theories (ontologies) • BPM. It not matter • SOA • Web 2.0 • Virtualization • SaaS • Utility computing • Mobility • Open source Business Technology innovations • Miniaturization • Cost per CPU • Cost per Storage unit • Network bandwidth • Code language evolution • Operating systems evolution • Distributed • Nano tech • Fibre • Technological • Commercialization • Patterns • Security • Connectedness • Pace of change • Influence in other spheres of resources, technology choices Social • Democratization • Commodization • Multi media • Demographics • Developing countries • Biological • Genomics • Medical treatments • Green. Sustainability. Global warming • Resource limits Commercial • Large mass markets • Distributed resources • New online markets • Automated exchanges • Proxies • Multimedia Real world complex systems are both determinant and non- determinant in behavior. The aim here is not to define all possible trends and outcomes but to recognize the interdisciplinary nature of real world systems Micro Macro
  6. 6. | Infrastructure Services IS THIS A CONNECTED SPACE ? 6 Physical networks are collections of tasks, content, people, business processes mixed in physical and virtual space Private Network Corporate Social Network Public Social Network Corporate Network Community Network Distribution RFID Feedback Variety of different Media.. Design / Product Group Resources, Information / Content Collaboration Service Management Development & Delivery External Private Network Suppliers, Sourcing Social Networks A “Edge” Network A Physical Network Social Network Physical Connection Variety of different resources..
  7. 7. | Infrastructure Services A Corporate Ecosystem
  8. 8. | Infrastructure Services But actually its more like this ?
  9. 9. | Infrastructure Services CORPORATE ECOSYSTEMS VISUALIZATION 9 Transport RFID Facilities Governance Finance Business and Social Networks OS Standards OS Platforms Private Public Legacy Resources & Networks Social, economic, Geographic, political Domains Hybrid
  10. 10. | Infrastructure Services Many types of workloads in the cloud 1 0 The Demise of SMEs in the Cloud not likely…..
  11. 11. | Infrastructure Services JEFF BEZOS , CEO OF AMAZON FAMOUSLY ONCE SAID..  IT infrastructure and its attendant setup, management and expense headaches are “muck”.  “We make muck so you don’t have to.”  Amazon handles the muck of infrastructure and web services connections and we the users can focus on what we do with it 11
  12. 12. | Infrastructure Services SO WHAT IS THE CLOUD ECOSYSTEM LAYERS? 12 There’s more to it than TCP/IP protocol stack and VMIs Connection Messaging protocols e.g. HTTP, XML, HTML.. Your Device(s) On-line / off-line useCommunications library & ID , Auth of services e.g. Identity, authentication, authorization of Request and response messaging of allowed services e.g. Access API, application API, storage API, compute API, reporting API ,.. APIs to services & API Operations Market/ network Business Data Storage 3rd party libraries, your / others data e.g. Types, Blocks, files, SQL, nonSQL small , Big data.. Computing e.g. Types of Instances, tenants, multi-tenancy resource pooling, multiplexing Network e.g. Types of WAN, LAN,VPN, NSP, ISP connections Messaging e.g. Distributed , Queuing, stateless, stateful, persistency Resource Automation Payments, account management Usage, Billing VirtualOS
  13. 13. | Infrastructure Services HAS THINGS MOVED ON SINCE 2009 ?  http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2009/EECS-2009-28.pdf 13
  14. 14. | Infrastructure Services WHAT GAPS?  Market legislation gaps  Portfolio of services gaps  Vision and strategy gaps  Monetization models gaps  Culture and transformation gap to these cloud models  Operating model gaps  Data Integration aspects of cloud  Service management of cloud  Standards and Interoperability , lock-in , lock-out, integration….
  15. 15. | Infrastructure Services HOSTING IS NOT ≠ CLOUD 15 Cloud is movement of business processes and services into the Cloud Not just “Tin and Data” Misconception gaps Cloud computing is a multi-architectural environment Source: The Open Group
  16. 16. | Infrastructure Services VIRTUALIZATION IS NOT ≠ CLOUD 16 Misconception gaps
  17. 17. | Infrastructure Services MARKET GAPS 17 CASE STUDY Example of Competitive Advantage transforming the Pharmaceutical Industry enabled by Cloud Computing
  18. 18. | Infrastructure Services ORGANIZATIONAL GAPS 18
  19. 19. | Infrastructure Services SPEED OF PROVISIONING AND DELIVERY AUTOMATION  In the ideal world you can automatically provision services real-time , where you want it , when you want it. “Self-service off the menu”  But there can be translation and delays 19
  20. 20. | Infrastructure Services COST OF INTEGRATION GAPS  Ability to integrate at different levels of connection is often difficult if the standards and connection points are different for each participant.  Integrating end to end services flowing across different systems that may reside in one or more locations, technologies and legal ownerships can also be less efficient through integration challenges. Cost of integration  “You ask for 2, get 1, missing 1, but pay for 4” 20
  21. 21. | Infrastructure Services STANDARDS GAPS – EXAMPLES OF MEDIA Market maturing : Open versus closed standardsGrowing announcements on Business process, verticals Legal & Security DC Hosted e.g. Oracle / IBM Public e.g. Amazon Cloud Hosted Private Cloud Hosted Market / Region Provider / Entity Network API / Gateway / Portal Device / Browser OS Server Storage Software Application Open Source e.g. OpenNebula Cloud Hosted Data / Payload Hypervisor Business Process Move data between SQL and nonSQL databases DBMS Server Move application Legal Issues IP Patent Law – Independe nce of software on device and OS Bundling Legal Definition of an API e.g. Google API, MSFT API US / EU Patriot, SafeHarbor , DA rules Cultural Impact Provisioning Policy Management Amazon gets FISMA certification EU Open Data portal Open Data standards W3C EU inter- country data Public APIs e.g. Google+ Use of APIs/ personal Data Protection TLS, SSL Transport Layer end to end Pass through Hypervisor IOP e.g. Citrix and AWS Device IOP e.g. User Experience and UI e.g. Ipad , Samsung e.g. Microsoft OS 8 – tablet IOP New Web oriented Languages e.g. google DART EU announce common Data Portal Industry Nomenclature Vertical Sector B2B Schemas Vendor Technology Standards Illustrative ISA Chip standards Transport/Connection Messaging Database Portability Hypervisor Portability & Hypervisor Interoperating Hybrid Device from service Abstraction Government & Legal certifications Vertical industry Standard schemas Network transport issues Choices , NSPs, ISPs APIs Multi-form factor use Apps, content stores Personal/vendor Portability
  22. 22. | Infrastructure Services STANDARDS GAPS – EXAMPLES OF BODIES BPML, MOF Metadata Legal & Security DC Hosted e.g. Oracle / IBM Public e.g. Amazon Cloud Hosted Private Cloud Hosted Market / Region Provider / Entity Network API / Gateway / Portal Device / Browser OS Server Storage Software Application Open Source e.g. OpenNebula Cloud Hosted Data / Payload Hypervisor Business Process Industry Nomenclature ebXML, Web services WS* SAML Web services, XML, Transport/Connection Messaging Quality Standards ISO Technical Bodies Open Cloud Computing Interface OCCI HTML 5, XML , HTTP Mobile OS OS Chrome CDMICloud Data Management Interface Open Source Open cloud API, Python, Java OpenVMS ISA Chip standards Business Ecology initiative Virtual Machine OVF Open Virtualization Format VMware VMware Owl, RDF, SPARC Illustrative
  23. 23. | Infrastructure Services Virtualization Benchmarking gaps How to evaluate different Cloud Provider services? VMware and Amazon have different units of capacity and service options… How do you define the criteria for different types of Cloud Providers for a cloud service? VMware Amazon Microsoft Azure Force.com GoogleApp …. A Virtualization management environment Virtualized Servers, Storage and network VCE Appliace Vsphere Vmotion Vblock Vmware ESXI Free edition Tools VM Force VM: EC2 – OS Linux, Windows Standard AMI OS Image Custom AMI SQS- Pub-Sub Integration , SDB – Schemaless data, S3 – Content Storage Billing: Usage by CPU, Disk, Network Dependencies: Install, manage access, maintain, monitor, patch, backup, plan to scale Developer Skills needed: .NET, J2EE, LAMP, OS, DBA, ITSM .NET services, SQL Server services, Sharepoint services, Billing: CPU, Network, Storage, Transactions Do not provision CPU time, disk or instances running operating systems. Provision a custom application platform centered around the relational data APEX , Proprietrary programming language and metatadata representations Uses standard SOAP and REST Billing: Force.com free to developers. Production applications are priced primarily by storage used and number of Unique users Platform Hosting for web applications App Engine Python, Java based Billing: Free for up to 500MB of storage and 5 million page views per month More storage or bandwidth purchased by setting a maximum daily Charge divided by 5 buckets: CPU time, Bandwidth in, bandwidth out, Storage, email “Comparing apples problem”
  24. 24. | Infrastructure Services SECURITY GAPS, TRUST AND STANDARDS Security Certifications ISO27000.. CMMI ISO, USNC/IEC Open Science Data Cloud EU Directive 95/46/EC – Security, Data Transfer EU Directive 2002/58/EC – Interception, Spam, cookies.. PCI-DSS – payment cards Government- Patriot, Subpoenas HIPPA, SoX.. Compliance PCI-DSS – Payment Cards Common Assurance Model Compuware Audit Guides SPPs Jericho Forum Risk
  25. 25. | Infrastructure Services STANDARDS GAPS Container, resource standards Vendor led developments Standards Body developments Database Portability Hypervisor Portability & Hypervisor Interoperating Hybrid Device from service Abstraction Government & Legal certifications Vertical industry Standard schemas Network transport issues Choices , NSPs, ISPs APIs Multi-form factor use Apps, content stores Personal/vendor PortabilitySecurity and Risk Major Policy Themes Alignment and market maturity Resources & Semantics Accessibility, liberty, liberalization Open vs Close Solutions & Ecosystems Major Architectural Taxonomy issues illustrative Symmetry, Congruity, Assurance
  26. 26. | Infrastructure Services GAPS – FUNCTIONAL FIT VS PURPOSE & NEEDS What User expectations of cloud are ? What can be delivered today ? Multiple choice of clouds ,or Hybrid cloud developing Use my own private cloud An entry with many IaaS, SaaS and PaaS development Elastic scalable storage, compute and network Developing types of storage systems. Evolving multi-tenancy and “personal virtual data. Identity to portable and consistent end to end of events Distributed Identity, multiple authentication developing. Democratization and standardization of services on-demand , but also Utility compute and applications. Custom configuration developing Meaning and context of messages and data is consistent and reusable Semantics standards developing still Opex and innovative licensing and funding New post dot.com funding models e.g. revenue based funding, crowd funding. ROI cash-flow challenges to convert and migrate market to on- demand developing Specialist massive big data, big compute capabilities – super user- experience – 3 Dimensional , Virtual Reality, real time language translation and AI Intense resource Services can be cloned and processed. It’s possible to develop my business and markets on-line Security and personal data leakage issues. Business purchasing IT direct , culture & Gov issues Integrated end to end, connected multi-channel experience Interoperability and portability developing Illustrative
  27. 27. | Infrastructure Services GAPS – VERTICAL INDUSTRY Government economic fit  The World Economic Forum paper – Exploring the future of cloud computing May 20110  http://members.weforum.org/en/ip/ittc/KeyIssues/index.htm  Key Issues 1. Data governance such as data location, privacy, confidentiality, ownership 2. Security management such as data access, loss, destruction, breaches, and points of failure 3. Business environment such as portability, interoperability, vendor reliability, service commitments, cloud ecosystem, and maturity
  28. 28. | Infrastructure Services SUMMARY RECAP - GAPS • Semantics Evolution of standards that enable automatic provisioning and comparative meaning of service requests and fulfillment • Usability Development of standards and architecture issues that enable integration and connectivity to be achieved up and down the stack • Portability Development of scalable data stores and “personalized” data that can be portable and independent of the device and services 28
  29. 29. | Infrastructure Services SUMMARY - ECOSYSTEM GAPS  Homogenous versus heterogeneous solutions? • The “China and Japan effect” • Monopolistic vendors  Standards development • Making the right choices – Open versus Closed  What metrics do we need that matter? • Make the right selection – The Open Group have developed independent Consumer and Vendor measures 29
  30. 30. | Infrastructure Services NEW CLOUD ECOSYSTEM METRICS Degree of Symmetry SymmetricAsymmetric Highly Highly Components , boundaries and tiers are spread apart and non-uniform Components , boundaries and tiers are close, similar/same and uniform Operational Symmetry System Contiguity Degree of Contiguity SymmetricAsymmetric Highly Highly Specific operations Contiguous operations
  31. 31. | Infrastructure Services N SPACE ASSURANCE The degree of how individual components In a system are connected to its immediate other components How each component is equivalent to other components And how these are connected And cascaded through the total End to end system, boundaries, networks and system of systems impacts. How to assure an e2e process with component steps? How to ensure each component is in place to ensure an e2e process experience ? Cascade Versus Degrees of Freedom Impedance Versus Reinforcement potential actions reactions N dimensions, edges, vertices, potential, actions, reactions
  32. 32. | Infrastructure Services THANK YOU 32
  33. 33. | Infrastructure Services SYNOPSIS The potential vision of Cloud Computing technology and the current adoption by consumers and providers of Cloud computing vary widely. Whether these are real or perceived gaps between the technology and the desired successful outcomes, many lessons in use of cloud computing are evolving across different Industry sectors, users and companies. The rise of social networks and the convergence of business propositions of anything IT-as-a-Service is changing the way devices, browsers, information and platforms are being used. The impact can be felt at the face of User computing and the way personal and enterprise work gets done between organizations and marketplaces. The session will focus on current development and research in new methods to better define and visualize the Business Ecosystem and the role cloud Computing can play. We will introduce original new work on CIEL Cloud Interactive Ecosystem Language Notation currently being developed as a potential way of creating new visual stories and use of Cloud enabled business. Takeaways • Define the gaps and issues in defining an Ecosystem roadmap for cloud computing technology and business • Identify specific Cloud Ecosystem Notation ways to better visualize the potential of Cloud in an organization and user experience. • Illustration of specific Vertical Industry Case Studies of Cloud Ecosystems In action to address security, Service level compliance, monetization and competitiveness opportunities and challenges • Specific examples of how to identify and resolve key decisions affecting a Business and the creation and sustainability of its Cloud ecosystem The views are of the author and not of the current, previous or future employers. http://up-con.com/submission/closing-gap-your-cloud-ecosystem
  34. 34. | Infrastructure Services MARK SKILTON  Mark Skilton is a Global Director, Strategy, Capgemini Infrastructure Services. He has 25 years experience in external and internal IT and Business consulting across many industries and has held roles including European CTO, global Solutions Director and Technology strategist. He is also currently Co-Chair of the Cloud Computing Work Group at The Open Group, an International Standards Body. Mark’s responsibilities at Capgemini include strategy planning; next generation service offer portfolio design and center of excellence development. He is the leader of the global Government-Cloud interdisciplinary Offer Development and the author of the Capgemini University Cloud Computing global education course.  Mark is a recognized expert on Cloud Computing. His recent publications include editor of the “Cloud Computing for Business – the Open Group Guide”; contributing case study author, the 2nd Edition “Handbook of Outsourcing and Off-shoring”; author of “Building Cloud Computing ROI”, British Computer Society Annual Journal 2011 and syndicated in CIO.com, ZDnet, Computerweekly, CloudComputingJournal, Reuters, Forbes and others. He has spoken internationally on the subject of Cloud Computing and business technology strategy and a participant on industry panels. Recent speaking engagements through Capgemini and The Open Group include EU Digital Agenda Forum, CloudExpo, UP conference and CloudSlam. His current interests are Cloud Metrics and Monetization strategies; leading the Cloud interoperability and portability Initiative in The Open Group and Cloud ecosystem visualization languages as a co-founder of an open foundation, SyntheticSpheres.com. Mark has been a guest lecturer at the Information Systems Management Masters Degree program at Warwick University Business School where is is also the Lead Ambassador of the Technology Professional Network. He is a Graduate of Sheffield and Cambridge Universities and holds an MBA from Warwick Business School. Mark.skilton@capgemini.com +44 7787 692197

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