Powered by ATP this pump actively “pumps” Na+ ions out of the cell and K+ ions into the cell
As a result of this active transport, the cytoplasm of the neuron contains more K+ ions and fewer Na+ ions than the surrounding medium.
The cell membrane also has 2 other separate protein channels, one that “leaks” K+ ions and one that “leaks” Na+ ions down their electrochemical gradient (combo of concentration and electrical).
There are more K+ channels than Na+ channels which means more K+ ions leak out of the cell as opposed to Na+ leaking into the cell
As a result, K+ ions leak out of the cell to produce a negative charge on the inside of the membrane.
This charge difference is known as the resting potential of the neuron. The neuron, of course, is not actually "resting" because it must produce a constant supply of ATP to fuel active transport.