Ch8 Le 5

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Mrs. Jorgenson's lecture on joint anatomy with an emphasis on the ligaments of the shoulder, elbow, hip and knee

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Ch8 Le 5

  1. 1. Examples of Joints of the Skeletal System
  2. 2. Shoulder Joint <ul><li>What kinds of movement can be made at the shoulder joint? </li></ul>flexion & extension adduction & abduction rotation circumduction
  3. 3. Elbow Joint <ul><li>What kind of movements are allowed at the elbow? </li></ul>flexion and extension pronation and supination (gliding/sliding)
  4. 4. Hip Joint <ul><li>What type of movement is allowed at the hip? </li></ul>flexion & extension adduction & abduction rotation circumduction
  5. 5. Knee Joint <ul><li>What type of movement is allowed at the knee joint? </li></ul>flexion & extension rotation gliding (femur to patella)
  6. 6. Ligaments!! <ul><li>Shoulder: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coracohumeral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glenohumeral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transverse humeral </li></ul></ul>anterior posterior
  7. 7. Ligaments medial lateral
  8. 9. Ligaments and Tendons <ul><li>The fibrous capsule is supported by three ligaments: </li></ul><ul><li>- Anular ligament. </li></ul><ul><li>- Radial collateral ligaments. </li></ul><ul><li>- Ulnar collateral ligaments. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Ligaments anterior posterior
  10. 11. Ligaments Ligamentum capitis: Attaches to a pit on the head of the femur and carries blood vessels to the head of the femur Fovea capitis
  11. 12. Ligaments anterior posterior
  12. 13. The Knee
  13. 14. Knee Ligaments
  14. 15. Knee Ligament Anatomy <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTV5Yo3E7VQ&feature=related </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Knee - ACL Surgery
  16. 17. Q&A <ul><li>Most complex joint? </li></ul>
  17. 18. Q&A <ul><li>Which has less freedom of movement? </li></ul>
  18. 19. Q&A <ul><li>Which joints allow rotation? </li></ul>shoulder elbow hip knee
  19. 20. Q&A <ul><li>Which joint is most frequently replaced? </li></ul>
  20. 21. Q&A <ul><li>Which joints are most commonly dislocated? </li></ul>shoulder knee finger jaw
  21. 22. Q&A <ul><li>What is the main function of the ligamentum capitis? </li></ul>Hint: carries blood vessels to the head of the femur
  22. 23. Q&A <ul><li>What structure protects tendons and ligaments from rubbing against bone? </li></ul>
  23. 24. Q&A <ul><li>Which two bones form the hinge joint of the elbow? </li></ul>
  24. 25. Q&A <ul><li>What is the glenoid labrum and what is the acetabular labrum? </li></ul>fibrocartilage ring deepens glenoid cavity deepens and connects acetabulum to femoral head

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