2. Introduction What is an essay ?An essay is a piece of writing that usually has five or moreparagraphs. An essay is written about one topic that hasseveral main points. The main points are introduced in anintroductory paragraph and supported in bodyparagraphs. The conclusion is the last paragraph. Essay Body Paragraph 3 Introduction _____________ _____________ Conclusion Body Paragraph 1 _____________ _____________ Body Paragraph 2 _____________
3. Parts of an Essay An IntroductionAn introductory paragraph is the first paragraph in an essay. It contains two parts.1. General Statements: a few sentences about your subject that catch the attention of your reader.2. A Thesis Statement: one sentence that tells your reader the main points of your topic and states the overall “plan” of your essay.
4. Example An Introduction General Statements “Metropolitan City is full of charm and scenic beauty, so visitorsfrom around the world come to enjoy its famous theaters,museums,countless ethnic restaurants, and scenic wonders. AlthoughMetropolitan City seems like a paradise, it isn’t. The city hasseveral serious problems: poor public transportation, congestedstreets, and expensive housing”(Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 92). Thesis Statement
5. Parts of an Essay Body ParagraphsThe body consists of one or more paragraphs following theintroduction. Each paragraph supports the main idea ofyour essay by breaking it down into smaller ideas or sub-topics. Each body paragraph consists of a topic sentenceand several supporting sentences. A conclusion sentencedraws the paragraph together. Body Body Body Introduction Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3
6. Example Body Paragraph Topic Sentence “The first and most important problem is Metropolitan City’s inadequatepublic transportation system. Thousands of residents rely on the city’s busesand streetcars to travel throughout this large city, but Metro TransportationSystem’s daily schedules are totally unreliable. A bus or streetcar that shouldarrive at 7:45 may not arrive until 8:00 or later. Moreover, it is not unusualfor a bus driver to pass up groups of people waiting for the bus, because hewants to make up for lost time. Unfortunately, people often end up going towork late or missing important appointments. In order for people to get totheir destinations on time, people must allow for waiting time at the bus andstreetcar stops” (Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 79). Concluding Sentence Supporting Sentences
7. Parts of an Essay Conclusion The conclusion paragraph is the last paragraph in the essay. Itcompletes the essay by summarizing or repeating the mostimportant ideas. The conclusion can also include an opinion, aprediction, or a solution to a problem. Introduction Body Paragraph 1 Body Paragraph 2 Body Paragraph 3 Conclusion
8. Example Conclusion Summary of Main Ideas “In conclusion, Metropolitan City must improve its public transit system,clear up the massive traffic jams caused by slow-moving traffic in thedowntown areas, and keep rentals down to affordable levels. In other words,Metropolitan City must improve its image, or it will soon become just anothermediocre city due to the lack of administrative responsibility to solve theseunfortunate problems”(Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 79). Prediction
9. Example An Introduction General Statements Going to a new school can be exciting, but for an internationalstudent, the years of education in a different country can bedifficult and tumultuous. When I first arrived in the U.S. to attend auniversity, I was overwhelmed and confused by everything new.Fortunately, I met three very special friends who made a positiveimpact on my life during those years and helped me survive thetrials of being a foreigner in a completely different educationalsystem. Thesis Statement
10. Example Body Paragraph Topic Sentence One of the first people I met was Joe Frieda. I first met Joe standing in aline at the bookstore. I was having a difficult time finding the books for theEnglish classes I was taking my first semester here. He not only helped mefind my books, but he also gave me some good advice on where to gettutorial help on campus and where I could find some good restaurants.We’ve become better friends since then and he has been so helpful inanswering any questions I have about going to school in the U.S. and aboutAmerican culture. If I hadn’t met Joe that day, I might still be looking for theright books for my classes! Concluding Sentence Supporting Sentences
11. Example Conclusion Summary of Main Ideas “The significance of the kindness that these three people showed me andthe impact that it has made on my life during my experience as aninternational student at State University cannot be underestimated. I willnever forget their friendship and will remember their examples of kindness tome whenever I encounter other foreigners in my own country. Promise or Resolution
12. Overview of an Essay Introduction General statements and information about the topic Body Paragraph 1 Thesis statement-Body Paragraphs lists the main ideas Body in the essaySupport the main Paragraph 2ideas of the thesisstatement BodyBegin with topic Paragraph 3sentences Conclusion Brief summary of main points of the essay
13. Practice ExercisesNow, you are ready to practice what you’ve learned. Click onthe button below to go back to Unit A. Do the InteractiveExercise. Then, print and complete the worksheet for PracticeExercise One.