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  1. 1. Carla M. Jefferson<br />ED095<br />Sandhills Community College<br />Narration<br />
  2. 2. What Is Narration?<br />Narration means telling a story<br />A narrative paragraph tells a story about something that happened to you or to someone else, or about something that you saw or read.<br />
  3. 3. The Narrative<br />Relies on specific details<br />Covers events in a time sequence<br />Always about happenings, events, actions, incidents<br />A good narrative helps the reader become involved in the story by providing vivid details<br />
  4. 4. Give the Narrative a Point<br />Include your point in the topic sentence<br />The point of the narrative is the incident or incidents that you’re writing about<br />What did I learn?<br />What is the meaning of this story?<br />What is my attitude toward what happened?<br />Did it change me?<br />What emotions did I feel?<br />Was the experience a good example of something?<br />
  5. 5. Looking at Effective Topic Sentences<br />I’m going to tell you about the time I flunked my driving test.<br />When I failed my driving test, I learned not to be overconfident.<br />Yesterday my car was stalled in rush hour traffic.<br />When my car stalled in rush-hour traffic, I was annoyed and embarrassed.<br />
  6. 6. Let’s Practice!<br />Exercise 1<br />The terror of the experience was the sudden loss of control.<br />When the police showed up at our party, we knew the fun had gone too far.<br />Suddenly I realized that my sister was not a superior being, but a woman trying to cope with her own loneliness.<br />
  7. 7. Let’s Practice<br />Exercise 2<br />By facing my fears , I was able to speak in public.<br />Once I joined the computer club, I felt like a part of the college.<br />Even adventurers have to come home sometime.<br />
  8. 8. Hints for Writing a Narrative Paragraph<br />When you write your story, be sure to:<br />Be clear<br />Be interesting<br />Stay in order<br />Pick a topic that is not too big<br />
  9. 9. Using a Speaker’s Exact Words In Narrative<br />When using a speaker’s exact words – use quotation marks.<br />“You’re being silly,” he told me.<br />He told me that I was being silly<br />My sister said, “I’d love to go to the party.”<br />My sister told me she would love to go to the party.<br />
  10. 10. Gather Ideas<br />Using a Questionnaire<br />Freewriting<br />
  11. 11. A Suitable Narrative Topic<br />Specific<br />Interesting<br />
  12. 12. Let’s Practice<br />Exercise 4 (all questions)<br />1, 3, 5, 7, 8, & 9<br />Exercise 5 <br />A talk with my aunt helped me to understand my father’s behavior toward me.<br />My last meeting with Melissa was a shocking time for me.<br />
  13. 13. Devising a Plan<br />After you’ve completed your pre-writing and created a topic sentence, your next step is to write a rough outline.<br />Your rough outline should have the following qualities:<br />Relevance: Do all the details connect to the topic sentence?<br />Order: Are the details in a clear order?<br />Development: Does the outline need more details? Are the details specific enough?<br />
  14. 14. Let’s Practice<br />Exercise 6<br />1, 3, 2, 7, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 9<br />2, 1, 3, 8, 9, 4, 5, 6, 7<br />
  15. 15. Let’s Practice<br />Exercise 7<br />Paragraph 1<br />It’s also fun to go to the theme parks in Orlando.<br />Sometimes it is hard to figure out which lane will be the fastest moving.<br />I’m always afraid of losing the card that indicates how much toll to pay.<br />
  16. 16. Revising for Sharper Details<br />Jot down the underlined words in the first draft.<br />Match them with the additional details in the second draft.<br />What details do you find effective? Why?<br />
  17. 17. Combining Sentences<br />Exercise 8 <br />I had just entered the hall of my apartment building when I saw several envelopes and flyers on the floor near the mailboxes.<br />I was glad that the man was conscious and speaking.<br />At that moment, I under what it is like to life a person who can’t help himself.<br />We lifted the old man, carried him between us, got him into his apartment, and rested him on the sofa.<br />Because of me, two people were safe and happy.<br />
  18. 18. Adding Better Details to a Narrative Draft<br />Exercise 9<br />for two years<br />met for coffee or for a meal<br />ignoring and brushing off my questions with one-word answers<br /> speaking to her in a cutting ton, using as few words as possible<br />treating me as if I didn’t exist<br />selfish and immature<br />trust our friendship<br />
  19. 19. Using Transitions Effectively in Narration<br />Look at info box on page 97<br />Exercise 11<br />When<br />Immediately<br />Soon<br />Next<br />Meanwhile<br />Then<br />Finally<br />before<br />
  20. 20. Using Transitions Effectively in Narration<br />Exercise 12<br />When/After<br />Before/At first<br />Immediately/Again<br />Next/Last<br />Always/Finally<br />At last/Frequently<br />
  21. 21. Polishing and Proofreading<br />Exercise 13<br />Save as: <br />[Assignment Name] [First Initial Last Name] [Block Number]<br />Example: NarrationReviseCJefferson01<br />