Unit 10.2 Housing Singaporeans in the 1960s and beyond


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Unit 10.2 Housing Singaporeans in the 1960s and beyond

  1. 1. Unit 10.2 Housing the people in Singapore
  2. 2. Problems of Housing the People <ul><li>Before PAP took over, people were living in overcrowded and poor living conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>1927 Spore Improvement Trust (SIT) was set up but only 2100 flats built in 14 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>During the war, many houses were destroyed by bombs. This led to greater shortage in housing. </li></ul><ul><li>1950 Population stood at 1022 000 but only 21 000 flats were built betw 1947 and 1959. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1959 half million Singaporeans were living in slams and squatters. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Steps to provide Housing <ul><li>Housing Development Board (HDB) set up in 1960 to replace SIT. </li></ul><ul><li>It sought to provide affordable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>housing for lower-income group. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water, gas and electricity was provided within each flat. </li></ul><ul><li>1-room and 2-room flats were built in Queenstown, Bt Ho Swee, Kallang and Tanjong Rhu. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities like schools, markets and clinics were provided in the estates as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Flats were subsidised by the government to make it more affordable. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Milestones of HDB <ul><li>By 1965 it built 53 777 flats for Singaporeans. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1964 Home Ownership scheme was introduced to make it easier for lower-income group to buy their own flats. </li></ul><ul><li>1968 Central Provident Fund (CPF) could be used in purchasing HDB flats. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1970 HDB built 110 000 flats. More then 1/3 of Singaporeans stayed in flats then. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Milestones of HDB II <ul><li>Facilities like playground and car parks were added to HDB flats and estates. </li></ul><ul><li>Design, planning and architecture were improved. </li></ul><ul><li>1974 The Housing and Urban Development Co. P/L (HUDC) was set up to build flats that were comparable to private property but cheaper in price. </li></ul><ul><li>1970s more 3 and 4-rooms flats were built. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Initial Problems faced by HDB <ul><li>Shortage of land. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure low cost so people can afford to buy the flats. </li></ul><ul><li>People living in slams were unwilling to move out. </li></ul><ul><li>May 1961 Bt Ho Swee Fire left 16 000 people homeless, 54 people injured and two dead. $1 million worth of property was damaged. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There was need to relocate the casualties. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They were moved to Queenstown and St Michael. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feb 1962, 5 blocks were built on the site of the fire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many families moved back to Bt Ho Swee. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Bt Ho Swee Fire
  8. 8. Achievements of HDB <ul><li>By 1975, almost 47% of total population in Singapore were living in flats. </li></ul><ul><li>1980s 75% were housed in HDB flats. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1998 86% of Singaporeans stayed in HDB flats, out of which 90% own their flats. </li></ul><ul><li>Today HDB estates have modern amenities like Polyclinics, parks, shopping centres and sports complexes. </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore’s skyline is dotted with skyscrapers. </li></ul><ul><li>68% of 7400 household felt that HDB housing programme has improved their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>The building of public flats saw more people moving to the rural areas in Singapore, thus a more even spread of the population. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Transportation systems <ul><li>Necessary to provide good transportation system to link the housing estates to the city area. </li></ul><ul><li>Roads were built outside the city. Expressways were built in 1970s to make traveling easier. </li></ul><ul><li>MRT was introduced in 1980s to make it more convenient to travel. </li></ul><ul><li>1990s LRT was built to further improve the transportation system. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why was HDB successful? <ul><li>Support from the government, which set aside large amount of funds to build flats. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal power t resettle the squatters. </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman of HDB, Lim Kim San and his staff were dedicated and worked hard to achieve the goals of HDB. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nation Building by HDB <ul><li>When people were allowed to buy their own flats, they became more loyal to Singapore. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They have a stake to protect Singapore when they owned the flats they live in. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different races, same block </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People of different races get to interact and understand each other better. This built up an atmosphere of racial tolerance and harmony among Singaporeans. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Nation Building by HDB II <ul><li>Setting up of Community Centres, clubs and Residents Committees promote interaction among people of different races. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First CC was built in 1960. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First RC was set up in 1978. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided friendly relations and better understanding of government’s policies. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Future Challenges <ul><li>To provide environment of high standard. </li></ul><ul><li>To achieve better quality and building design to meet a more sophisticated crowd. </li></ul><ul><li>Government has to encourage and strengthen sense of belonging and community spirit among Singaporeans. </li></ul>