Chapter 8 Singapores Step Towards Self Governement 1955 19592719


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Chapter 8 Singapores Step Towards Self Governement 1955 19592719

  1. 1. Chapter 8 How did Singapore progress to Internal Self-Government (1955 – 1959)?
  2. 2. 1955 Election <ul><li>6 political parties stood for election. </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore Labour Front under David Marshall won most of the seats. </li></ul><ul><li>David Marshall became the First Chief Minister of Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>British were shocked as they expected the Singapore Progressive Party led by the English educated to win. </li></ul>
  3. 3. David Marshall’s Government <ul><li>British wanted him as a figurehead and did not give him due respect. </li></ul><ul><li>He did not even had a proper office space! </li></ul><ul><li>David Marshall was unwilling to arrest the Communists. </li></ul><ul><li>The British felt he was unable to protect their interest. </li></ul>
  4. 4. David Marshall <ul><li>Leader of Singapore Labour Front set up in 1954. </li></ul><ul><li>An eloquent and gifted lawyer. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbally criticised British for their unfair treatment of Asians. </li></ul><ul><li>He stirred up people’s feelings against the British, improved working conditions of the workers, introduced equal treatment of all schools and importance of bilingual education. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Demands for Full self-government <ul><li>1956 David Marshall led a group to London to demand for full self-government. </li></ul><ul><li>He stepped down as Chief Minister as promised when talks failed. </li></ul><ul><li>Lim Yew Hock took over as Chief Minister. </li></ul><ul><li>He immediately arrested communist leaders who instigated students who went on strikes. </li></ul><ul><li>The British were impressed with him. </li></ul><ul><li>1957 Singapore was granted full self government when Lim Yew Hock led a delegation to London. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Full Self-Government 1959 <ul><li>British would control police, armed forces and international relations. </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Assembly had 51 elected members and all Ministers were local representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>State of Singapore has own flag and national anthem and a head of state known as Yang di-Pertuan Negara. </li></ul>
  7. 7. First democratic election 1959 <ul><li>PAP won 43 out of 51 seats. Lee Kuan Yew became the first Prime Minister. </li></ul><ul><li>Yusoff Bin Ishak was the first President of Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>However Singapore was not fully independent from British rule. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lee Kuan Yew <ul><li>Leader of PAP </li></ul><ul><li>Great speaker who was able to simplify difficult ideas so people could understand. </li></ul><ul><li>Became Prime Minister when he was 36 years old and held that position for 30 years. </li></ul>
  9. 9. National Symbols <ul><li>State Crest </li></ul><ul><li>National Anthem </li></ul><ul><li>National flag </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>universal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>brotherhood & Equality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White for purity & virtue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 stars represent democracy, peace, progress, justice & equality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crescent for a rising young nation. </li></ul></ul>