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Chapter 6 - How did WWII affect Singapore?
 

Chapter 6 - How did WWII affect Singapore?

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    Chapter 6 - How did WWII affect Singapore? Chapter 6 - How did WWII affect Singapore? Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 6 How did WWII affect Singapore?
    • What caused the War?
      • Ambitions of Germany, Italy & Japan
      • They formed the Axis Powers with a common goal to gain more lands and power.
      • Germany after WW I
      • Allowed to have only Small army and navy
      • Had to pay war damages to the victors – reparations
      • Lost colonies.
      • The Drift to Another War
    • What Hitler did
      • Formed Nazi Party
      • Became Chancellor of Germany
      • Used Secret Police & Propaganda
      • Made Speeches to Move People
      • Created Jobs
      • Restored Military Strength
    • Italy & Mussolini
      • Formed Fascist Party
      • Became Dictator of Italy
      • Used Secret Police and Propaganda
      • Made Weapons & Created Jobs
    • What is Dictatorship
      • Tight control by leader
      • One Political Party
      • Controlled Newspapers, books, radio and TV programmes
      • Secret Police arrested anyone who opposed the leader
      • Controlled all that were taught in schools
    • Modernisation of Japan
      • Japan wanted to be rich and powerful like the West.
      • Political change – new form of government
      • Economic-Social change – changes in schools, industries and trade
      • Military – Modernised army and navy
    • Japan’s advances
      • Sino-Japanese War (1894 – 1895)
        • Small nation defeated Huge backward neighbour
      • Russo- Japanese War (1904 – 1905)
        • First time in modern history that an Asian country defeated a European country.
      • 1931 – Invaded Manchuria
      • From WWI – given colonies of Germany
    • Singapore’s reaction to Japan’s Ambition
      • Anti-Japanese Movement
        • Boycott of Japanese goods
        • Contributions towards China’s war efforts
        • Demonstrations against Japanese
        • Volunteers for China
      • Building of Singapore Naval Base
        • Proved useless as the British needed more warships in Europe and only had a small fleet in Singapore.
    • Summary
      • Rise of Germany
      • Rise of Italy
      • Modernisation of Japan
      • Effects on Singapore
        • Anti-Japanese Movement
        • Naval Base built
    • Flames of War
      • Union of Austria with Germany
      • Hitler’s last demand
        • N.W. Czechoslovakia was given to Hitler
      • By 1940, Hitler took control of Poland, Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium, France, Yugoslavia, Greece and Parts of Russia (USSR)
      • Only Britain stood alone
    • Japan & America’s Pearl Harbour
      • America was in the way of Japan who wanted rich resources in S. E. Asia.
      • Pearl Harbour blocked Japan’s reach for S.E. Asia
      • Japan invaded Pearl Harbour in 7 Dec 1941 without warning.
        • American casualties were 2403 dead and 1178 wounded. Five battleships, 3 destroyers, 3 cruisers, and 188 aircraft were destroyed. By contrast, Japan's losses were 64 dead, 1 captured, 29 aircraft, and 5 midget submarines.
      • America entered WWII the day after against Axis Powers.
    • Japan’s Quick Gobble of Southeast Asia
      • Treaty of Friendship with Thailand signed between Japan and Thailand on Mar 1941
      • Thailand became the only S.E. Asia country not occupied by the Japanese.
      • Invaded and conquered Indo-China, Malaya, Singapore, Dutch East Indies, Philippines and Burma.
    • Summary
      • War in Europe
      • War in the East
      • War in Malaya
    • Fall of the Fortress
    • Prisoners of War
      • They had to do Hard labour.
      • They have Not enough to eat.
      • Sent to construct the Death Railway in Thailand.
      • Locals were ill treated by the Japanese.
      • The Chinese were forced to donate a “gift” of $50 million to the Japanese.
      • There were massacres & tortures.
      • Locals were sent to build the Death Railway as well.
    • Life in Syonan-To
      • Everyone was forced to learn the Japanese language.
      • Movies screened dramatised Britain’s defeat.
      • Only Japanese radio programmes were allowed.
      • All were made to sing the Japanese anthem while facing the direction of Japan.
    • Summary
      • The Battle for Singapore
      • Suffering of POWs and Civilians
      • Life under the Japanese
      • Lessons to be Learnt
    • End of the War
      • Fall of Germany
        • Germany was trapped with Allies attacking form the West and Russians from the East.
      • Fall of Japan
        • The Americans were at the doorstep of Japan after fighting Battles of Midway, Coral Sea, New Guinea, Philippines, Okinawa & Iwo Jima
        • Japan surrendered after atomic bombs were dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima.
    • Problems after Japanese Occupation
      • Shortages of Food, Jobs and Housing
      • Overcrowded living conditions, poor sanitation and lack of health services
      • Shortage of water and electricity supplies.
      • There were communist activities in Singapore and Malaya.
      • Communists helped British fight against the Japanese during WWII.
        • They controlled trade unions and organised strikes against the government and also influenced Chinese students in Schools.
    • Summary
      • Germany’s surrender
      • Japan’s surrender
      • Return of the British
      • Post-war problems
        • Shortages
        • Communist problem