Chapter 6 - How did WWII affect Singapore?Presentation Transcript
Chapter 6 How did WWII affect Singapore?
What caused the War?
Ambitions of Germany, Italy & Japan
They formed the Axis Powers with a common goal to gain more lands and power.
Germany after WW I
Allowed to have only Small army and navy
Had to pay war damages to the victors – reparations
The Drift to Another War
What Hitler did
Formed Nazi Party
Became Chancellor of Germany
Used Secret Police & Propaganda
Made Speeches to Move People
Restored Military Strength
Italy & Mussolini
Formed Fascist Party
Became Dictator of Italy
Used Secret Police and Propaganda
Made Weapons & Created Jobs
What is Dictatorship
Tight control by leader
One Political Party
Controlled Newspapers, books, radio and TV programmes
Secret Police arrested anyone who opposed the leader
Controlled all that were taught in schools
Modernisation of Japan
Japan wanted to be rich and powerful like the West.
Political change – new form of government
Economic-Social change – changes in schools, industries and trade
Military – Modernised army and navy
Sino-Japanese War (1894 – 1895)
Small nation defeated Huge backward neighbour
Russo- Japanese War (1904 – 1905)
First time in modern history that an Asian country defeated a European country.
1931 – Invaded Manchuria
From WWI – given colonies of Germany
Singapore’s reaction to Japan’s Ambition
Boycott of Japanese goods
Contributions towards China’s war efforts
Demonstrations against Japanese
Volunteers for China
Building of Singapore Naval Base
Proved useless as the British needed more warships in Europe and only had a small fleet in Singapore.
Rise of Germany
Rise of Italy
Modernisation of Japan
Effects on Singapore
Naval Base built
Flames of War
Union of Austria with Germany
Hitler’s last demand
N.W. Czechoslovakia was given to Hitler
By 1940, Hitler took control of Poland, Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium, France, Yugoslavia, Greece and Parts of Russia (USSR)
Only Britain stood alone
Japan & America’s Pearl Harbour
America was in the way of Japan who wanted rich resources in S. E. Asia.
Pearl Harbour blocked Japan’s reach for S.E. Asia
Japan invaded Pearl Harbour in 7 Dec 1941 without warning.
American casualties were 2403 dead and 1178 wounded. Five battleships, 3 destroyers, 3 cruisers, and 188 aircraft were destroyed. By contrast, Japan's losses were 64 dead, 1 captured, 29 aircraft, and 5 midget submarines.
America entered WWII the day after against Axis Powers.
Japan’s Quick Gobble of Southeast Asia
Treaty of Friendship with Thailand signed between Japan and Thailand on Mar 1941
Thailand became the only S.E. Asia country not occupied by the Japanese.
Invaded and conquered Indo-China, Malaya, Singapore, Dutch East Indies, Philippines and Burma.
War in Europe
War in the East
War in Malaya
Fall of the Fortress
Prisoners of War
They had to do Hard labour.
They have Not enough to eat.
Sent to construct the Death Railway in Thailand.
Locals were ill treated by the Japanese.
The Chinese were forced to donate a “gift” of $50 million to the Japanese.
There were massacres & tortures.
Locals were sent to build the Death Railway as well.
Life in Syonan-To
Everyone was forced to learn the Japanese language.
Movies screened dramatised Britain’s defeat.
Only Japanese radio programmes were allowed.
All were made to sing the Japanese anthem while facing the direction of Japan.
The Battle for Singapore
Suffering of POWs and Civilians
Life under the Japanese
Lessons to be Learnt
End of the War
Fall of Germany
Germany was trapped with Allies attacking form the West and Russians from the East.
Fall of Japan
The Americans were at the doorstep of Japan after fighting Battles of Midway, Coral Sea, New Guinea, Philippines, Okinawa & Iwo Jima
Japan surrendered after atomic bombs were dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima.
Problems after Japanese Occupation
Shortages of Food, Jobs and Housing
Overcrowded living conditions, poor sanitation and lack of health services
Shortage of water and electricity supplies.
There were communist activities in Singapore and Malaya.
Communists helped British fight against the Japanese during WWII.
They controlled trade unions and organised strikes against the government and also influenced Chinese students in Schools.