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7 Bruleafterwwii

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Transcript

  • 1. Self Government Reasons for Self Government and British reactions
  • 2. Reasons
    • People felt that the British could not protect Singapore.
      • The British surrendered quickly when the Japanese attacked Singapore in 1942.
      • Respect for the British rulers was lost.
      • They felt the British should leave Singapore.
  • 3.
    • Wave of Independence in Asia
      • Countries which had been colonies of the European powers were asking for self government or independence.
      • These included India, Indonesia and others.
      • These events influenced people in Singapore.
  • 4. British Reaction
    • British were reluctant to give up Singapore as it was useful as a free port for British goods and as a military base.
    • Also they were worried about the Communist influence in Singapore.
    • They felt that Singaporeans were not loyal to Singapore or united.
  • 5.
    • People became increasingly keen to have self government.
    • A few changes were introduced by the British as a result.
    • The British were concerned that Communism might threaten peace and security in Singapore.
  • 6. Steps Towards Full Self Govt
    • 1948 Election of 6 Non-official members in the Legislative Council.
    • Only people who are above 21 years old and born in Singapore were allowed to vote.
    • Singapore Progressive Party won 3 seats while other 3 were won by Independents.
  • 7. New political parties 1954
    • People’s Action Party was formed by Lee Kuan Yew and Singapore Labour Front was started by David Marshall.
    • Both fought for immediate self government.
    • Other demands include better pay, better working conditions for workers and increases in salaries for civil servants.
  • 8. Rendel Constitution
    • George Rendel formed a commission in 1954 to look into how locals can take part in government.
    • Limited self government granted to Singapore in 1954.
    • 1955 Rendel Constitution was drawn up.
    • Areas like finance, internal security, law, external defence and international relations still under the British.
  • 9.
    • There would be 6 local representatives and 1 chief minister.
    • Legislative council to be replaced by Legislative Assembly where there would be 25 elected non-official members and 7 appointed members.
    • British remained powerful as they could oppose to any law passed.