England Wants Gold & Silver! Today we will talk about how Jamestown was founded (created) in 1607. It was England’s first permanent colony in North America. France, Spain and Portugal were already in North America!
Why Go??People went for one of three reasons… –Political (Glory) –Social (God) –Economic (Gold)
Settlement of Jamestown• The Virginia Company offered people willing to move toJamestown a headright. Headright – 50 acres of land given to each person who could pay their own way to Virginia Official seal of the Virginia Company
one acre = 4,840 square yards, or 43,560 square feetIn the photos above, the blue square represents one acre.
4 reasons theychose a peninsula: It was easy to defend. The water was deep enough for ships to dock. They thought they had a good supply of fresh water.The river provided food and apathway for exploration.
Th e P o w h a ta n s h a d in t r o d u c e d t h e c o lo n is t s t o 2 n e w corn c rops : and tobacco
Tobacco was sold in England as Jamestown’scash crop _______ _______.
Mayflower- Ship the Pilgrims came to the new world on. Mayflower Compact- agreementPilgrims signed byWant Pilgrims to doreligious what was bestfreedom for group,from helpedEngland in establish idea1620. of early democracy in America.
•41 Male passengers on theMayflower formed into asigned a compact promisingto write and obey "just andequal laws ... for the generalgood of the colony."•The compact brought anelement of democracy toAmerica and was an exampleof the practice of self-government in the colonies.•All the colonies practicedsome form of self-government…………government
ColonialRegions Environment, Culture, and Migration.
The Three Regions New England Middle Colonies Southern Colonies
New England GEOGRAPHY Land/Weather Very Short Growing Season Long Cold Winters Large Forests On the Atlantic Ocean Rocky Soil/Bad (infertile)
New England ECONOMY $$$$$$$ PRODUCTS Why the came Subsistence Farming Puritans and Pilgrims Timber and Ship Building who believed in Supplies (Rope, Masts, working hard and Tar) following strict Rum and other Manufactured Trade religious rules. Goods Fishing/Whale Hunting
New EnglandNew Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut
New England Why they came?? Religious Freedom and to make Money.
Middle Colonies GEOGRAPHY Fertile Soil (Good Soil) Mild Temperatures Many lakes and rivers for transportation.
Middle Colonies Economic $$$$ PRODUCTS Called the Bread Colonies Farmed Wheat, Oat, Barley and Rye. Made homespun products. Trade
Middle Colonies New YorkPennsylvania New Jersey Delaware
Middle Colonies Why They Came Religious Freedom and & $$$$$
Southern Colonies Geography ENVIRONMENT Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains. Long growing season and fertile land. Warm for most of the year Humid
Southern Colonies Government Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
Colonial Regions Vocabulary Merchant: A person who produces or trades goods. Subsistence Farming: When a family grows only enough food to survive. Cash Crops: Crops that are grown in large amounts and sold for a profit.
Colonial Regions Vocabulary Indentured Servants: People who are brought to the colonies and must work to pay off the trip. Slaves: People captured in Africa and sold to plantation owners. The plantation owner saw them as property.