The Principles of theUnited States Constitution
♦Is the “Rule Book” of the United States.♦It was created to improve our country and create a fair government.♦The way The Founding Fathers wrote it, they made sure it was flexible (could be added to or changed if needed).
“The Rule Book” Constitution Limited Individual Rights Republicanism Government ers Che ck l is m aration Pow B al s & er a Fed Pop♦When the Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution they made sure that there were 7 ideas (or principals) included in it.
I. Popular Sovereignty♦ The people hold the ultimate authority♦ A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them.♦ “We The People”
II. Limited Government♦ Framers wanted to guard against tyranny♦ Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution.♦ The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed
III. Federalism♦ The division of power between State and National Governments♦ Some powers are shared
The Federal System/Division of Power♦ Power was divided between State governments and the Federal Government
NATIONAL GOVT SHARED STATE GOVT•Maintain Army •Taxes •Establish School•Establish Post Office •Courts •Marriage Laws•Declare War •Build Roads •Local Government •Banks
SHAREDMR. LEWIS MRS. LUNA •Enforce Tardies•Hires Teachers •Grades class papers •Enforce Uniform•Sets Rules for school •Makes Rules for Code classroom•Suspends Students •Strive for Student •Puts in grades and Success conduct
IV. Separation of Powers♦ No one holds “too much” power♦ Legislative branch makes the laws♦ Executive branch carries out the laws (Executes)♦ Judicial branch interprets the laws (Judge)
♦The Framers were worried that too much power might fall into the hands of one group or person so they divided the work into three areas. I am King, We will divide I have all the the power so it’s power! fair.
Legislative Branch♦ Senate and House of Representatives♦ Make our laws♦ Appropriate Money♦ Regulate Immigration♦ Establish Post Offices and Roads♦ Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation♦ Declare War
Executive Branch♦ The President of the United States♦ Chief Executive♦ Chief of State♦ Chief Legislator♦ Commander in Chief
Judicial Branch♦ Supreme Court and other Federal Courts♦ Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the Constitution♦ Considers cases involving national laws♦ Declares laws and acts “unconstitutional”
V. Checks and Balances♦ Prevents the abuse of power in government♦ Each branch can check each other branch
Ch t ec en ks id Ch Pr es ec es Pr ks id ss en s Co k re t ec ng urCh ts Co s k ec CHECKS & BALANCES Ch Checks Courts Checks Congress
Executive Checks♦ Propose laws to Congress♦ Veto laws made by Congress♦ Negotiate foreign treaties♦ Appoint federal judges♦ Grant pardons to federal offenders
Legislative Checks♦ Override president’s veto♦ Ratify treaties♦ Confirm executive appointments♦ Impeach federal officers and judges♦ Create and dissolve lower federal courts
Judicial Checks♦ Declare executive acts unconstitutional♦ Declare laws unconstitutional♦ Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional♦ The Supreme Court holds the final check
VI. Republicanism We the PeopleVOTE for who we want to be in charge! VOTE VOTE VOTE
♦How do “ “ give the government its power?♦We VOTE! We get to pick those people that are in Congress, the Senate, our President, etc.♦Anyone that is in a public office – we pick!
VII. Individual Rights My rights are UNALIENABLE! That means no one can take them away from me!! I’d like to see you try to take them anyway!
VII. Individual Rights • Out individual rights are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights. • The Bill of Rights (BOR) are the first ten amendments to the constitution. • These rights include: Freedom of speech, religion and press.