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Where Australians Live
 

Where Australians Live

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  • Most people live in cities mining Climate is not too hot or too cold

Where Australians Live Where Australians Live Presentation Transcript

  • Where Australian’s Live… Location, Climate, & Natural Resources in Australia
  • Location Of Australia
    • Both a continent & a country
    • Lies about 2,000 miles southeast of Asia
    • In the southern hemisphere
      • Literally the “land down under”!
  • Location
    • Coastal areas are the most populated
    • Most people live along east coast
    • Most populated city is Sydney, in New South Wales
    • Another populated city: Brisbane, Queensland
  • Location
    • Nearly 80% of Australians live in urban areas
      • Australia is one of the world’s most urbanized countries
    • 70% of all Australians live in cities of more than 100,000 people
      • Sydney has 3 and a 1/2 million people
      • Melbourne has about 3 million people
  • Climate of Australia
    • Varies across the continent
    • It’s south of the equator, so climate is opposite North America:
      • Summer: December through March
      • Winter: June through September
  • Climate: North Australia
    • Northern part of Australia is closest to the equator
    • Tropical climate and is warm-to-hot all year round
      • Gets more rain than any other part of the country
    • Winter: wet and cool
    • Summer: hot and dry
  • Climate: Central Australia
    • Desert is the largest part of Australia
    • Little rain falls here
      • Most of this area gets less than 10 inches of rain per year!
  • Climate: Coasts
    • Only the southeast and southwest corners have a temperate climate
      • Summers aren’t too hot & winters aren’t too cold (similar to Georgia)
    • Climate in these regions is the one that Australians prefer the most
      • Most Australians live along southeastern coast
  • Natural Resources of Australia
    • Outback refers to the dry interior
      • Mainly open countryside, including vast expanses of grazing land
    • Few widely scattered settlements in the outback
      • Many of them grew up around mining operations…
  • Natural Resources: Mining
    • Australians mine for coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, zinc, oil, and natural gas
      • Lead the world in the production of diamonds, lead, & bauxite (used to make aluminum)!
  • Natural Resources: Mining
    • Minerals are often found in areas that are difficult to reach
      • Roads are expensive to build, but they are needed to get workers & equipment to remote locations
      • Expensive equipment is needed to move minerals to populated cities to trade
  • Natural Resources: Arable Land
    • Land that is good for farming
    • Enough areas with good land and rainfall to make farming an important business in Australia
      • Farmers here produce more than Australians can consume, so the food is traded and sold around the world
  • Questions to Consider:
    • Where do most Australians live?
    • What important business is done in the outback?
    • Why do most Australians live in southeastern Australia?
  • Postcard Directions:
    • Front : Illustration of your favorite Australian destination (must be colorful!)
    • Back : Write a greeting to one of your friends that describes Australia. Be sure to include:
        • Location
        • Climate
        • Land
        • Resources