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Canadas Government1

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  • 1. Canada’s Government Unit 5 Notes
  • 2. Government Systems & Types A Brief Review…
  • 3. Government Systems -- Whose Got the Power?
    • Unitary --power is held by one central authority
    • Confederation --association of independent states that agree to certain limitations on their freedoms by joining together
    • Federal --power is divided between central authority & several regional authorities
    • Which system does Canada have?
  • 4. Government Types -- How Do Citizens Participate?
    • Autocratic -- 1 person possesses unlimited power & citizens have limited role in government
    • Oligarchic -- small group exercises control & citizens have limited role in government
    • Democratic --supreme power is vested in the people & exercised by them directly or indirectly though a system of representation involving free elections
    • Which type does Canada have?
  • 5. Two Types of Democratic Governments
    • Parliamentary -- a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who elect the leader
      • Leader works with or through the legislature
    • Presidential --system of government in which the leader is constitutionally independent of the legislature
      • Leader works separate from legislature
      • *Which type of democracy does Canada have?
  • 6. Canada’s Government
    • Federation (federal system)
    • Parliamentary Democracy
    • Constitutional Monarchy
  • 7. Leadership
    • 1. Head of State: Monarch of the United Kingdom (presently, Queen Elizabeth II); little political power
    • 2. Governor General : stands in for the monarch
    • 3. Prime Minister : holds the most political power; works closely with the legislature
  • 8. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
  • 9. Her Excellency The Right Honorable Michaelle Jean (Governor General)
  • 10. The Right Honorable Stephen Harper (Prime Minister)
  • 11. How the Leader is Chosen…
    • Governor General: appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister; serves a 5 year term
    • Prime Minister : is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons; indirectly elected by the people
  • 12. Legislature: Parliament
    • Senate (105 seats): members are appointed by the governor general with advice from the Prime Minister
      • --not elected by the people; can serve until they are 75 years old
    • House of Commons (308 seats): members are directly elected by the people
      • --serve 5 year terms
      • --largest political party in the House elects the Prime Minister
  • 13. Role of Citizen in Government
    • Citizens must be 18 to vote, but voting is not required by law
    • Citizens vote for members of the House of Commons, which indirectly elects the Prime Minister