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4 Australia Is Discovered



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  • 1. Australia is Discovered
  • 2. Origin and History of the Name
    Australia comes from the Latin word Australis, which means “of the south” or “southern.”
  • 3. Origin and history of the name
    Legends of an “unknown land of the south” (terra australias incognita) were common as far back as Roman times.
  • 4. Origin and history of the name
    References to Australia were common in medieval geography.
    There was no evidence at the
    time of Australia.
    The Dutch East India official
    called the newly discovered
    land (1638) Australische.
    The first use of the word
    “Australia” in English was
    in 1693.
  • 5. European Exploration
    Many Europeans claimed to be the first to discover Australia.
    French navigator BinotPaulimer de Gonneville in 1504 (actually landed in Brazil)
    Spanish expedition commanded by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros and piloted by Luis vaez de Torres in 1605 (actually landed in New Hebrides, now known as Vanuatu)
    Portuguese expedition led by Cristóvão de Mendonça in 1522
    None can be confirmed.
  • 6. The Dutch
    The first undisputed European sighting occurred in 1606 by the Dutch.
    The Dutch vessel Duyfken,
    captained by Willem Janszoon,
    explored the coast of the Gulf
    of Carpentaria.
    They Dutch made one landing,
    were promptly attacked by the
    Aborigines, and abandoned
    further exploration.
  • 7. The Dutch
    The Dutch charted all of the western and northern coastlines of “New Holland”.
    On November 24, 1642 , Abel
    Tasman discovered Tasmania
    which he named
    Van Diemen’s Land.
    Van Diemen was the head
    the Dutch East India
    Company, Tasman’s employer.
    Tasman claimed Van Diemen’s Land for the Netherlands.
  • 8. The British
    The first Englishman to see Australia was William Dampier, a former pirate.
    He made two voyages around Australia (in 1688 and 1699) before returning
    to England.
    He was the first European
    to report
    Australia’s unusual,
    large, hopping animals
  • 9.
  • 10. The British
    In 1770, Captain James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast of Australia. He named it New South Wales and claimed it for Britain.
    It became a prison colony.