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Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
Energy production in drobeta turnu severin
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Energy production in drobeta turnu severin

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  • 1. ENERGY PRODUCTION IN DROBETA TURNU-SEVERIN
  • 2. Power Plants in Drobeta Turnu- Severin  TERMO POWER PLANT “ROMAG”  HEAVY WATER PLANT “ROMAG PROD”  HYDROELECTRIC SYSTEM “IRON GATES I”
  • 3. ROMAG TERMO Power Plant  It is located outside of residential area of Drobeta Turnu Severin, at approximately 5 km away from the town.  Was built to ensure the process steam for Heavy Water Plant “ROMAG PROD”  The secondary objectives were to ensure the urban heating for Drobeta Turnu Severin Municipality and for other industrial heat consumers in the area.
  • 4. ROMAG TERMO Power Plant  It is a Lignite-Fired Power Plant  ANNUAL AVERAGE GENERATION CAPACITY  Electricity: 1 682 572 Mwh (192 Mw)  Process steam: 1 576 437 Gcal (180 Gcal/h)  Hot water: 392 217 Gcal (45 Gcal/h)  To generate energy and heat at the ROMAG TERMO Power Plant there is annually burned an amount of about 4 millions of tones lignite. After burning process, an amount of 1.4 - 1.6 millions of tones of ash and slag results, which is hydraulically discharged at the deposit which contains approximately 30 millions tones of ash & slag and it can be accessed by trucks.
  • 5. ROMAG PROD Heavy Water Plant  ROMAG PROD Heavy Water Plant is located on the 67 National Route, between km 7 and 8 (on Drobeta Turnu Severin - Motru direction).  The Heavy Water Plant has been founded to produce the heavy water needed as per National Plan for Nuclear Energy.  Its main profile is nuclear grade heavy water for CANDU type reactors at Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant - Romania.  The production capacity of ROMAG PROD Heavy Water Plant is made up of four Production Lines of 90 tones/year each one.  The produced heavy water concentration ranges between 99.80% - 99.99%.
  • 6. HEAVY WATER Deuterium is a rare isotope of hydrogen (making up 0.015% of all hydrogen) that, unlike regular hydrogen, has a neutron. This neutron doubles its mass and gives it slightly different chemical properties, Deuterium oxide, or heavy water, is about 11% heavier than regular water. Deuterium oxide is used in some nuclear reactors as a neutron moderator.
  • 7. Light water  The production of heavy water involves isolating deuterium and produces light water as a by-product.  Deuterium depleted water, known as "life water" or "light water", is water in which deuterium is found in a smaller concentration than in normal water.  Experiments have shown that consumption of light water may be beneficial as an adjunct to chemotherapy and treating other several diseases.
  • 8. Hydroelectric System Iron Gates I Iron Gates I This project started in 1964 as a joint- venture between the governments of Romania and Yugoslavi a for the construction of a major dam on the Danube River which would serve both countries.  The largest hydropower plants in Romania are those of the Danube River: Iron Gates I, with an installed capacity of 1080 MW and Iron Gates II, with installed capacity of 250 MW.  Iron Gates I is located 15 km upstream from the city of Drobeta Turnu-Severin and Iron Gates II station 60 km downstream. Iron Gates I
  • 9. Hydroelectric System Iron Gates I  Iron Gates I system is one of the largest hydro construction in Europe and the largest of the Danube. Its formed lake has a volume of over 2.2 billion cubic meters of water and a length of 120 km and it is extending from the dam to the confluence of the Tisza River.
  • 10. Hydroelectric System Iron Gates I Hydropower Iron Gates I has many original and spectacular features : 1. The spillway dam (441 m long, 55 m wide) that rising river water sluice them with 35 m.
  • 11. Hydroelectric System Iron Gates I  2. The bridge over the dam, which mediates a new European road
  • 12. Hydroelectric System Iron Gates I  3. The giant gates and sluices upstream and downstream avantposts for transhipment vessels.
  • 13. Hydroelectric System Iron Gates I  4. Kaplan turbine hall and the whole tangle of colossal belly and terraces city.
  • 14. Orsova – the lost city  The construction of Iron Gates dams gave the valley of the Danube the nature of a reservoir, and additionally caused a 35 m rise in the water level of the river near the dam.  The old Orşova city (below), the Danube island Ada Kaleh and nine other villages, totaling a population of 17,000, had to make way. People were relocated and the settlements have been lost forever to the Danube.
  • 15. Ada Kaleh Island The isle of Ada Kaleh is probably the most evocative victim of the dam's construction. A Turkish enclave, it had a mosque and a thousand twisting alleys, and was known as a free port and smuggler's nest. The island was about 3 km (1.9 mi) downstream from Orşova and measured 1.7 by 0.4- 0.5 km. the Austrians built a fort there in 1669 to defend it from the Turks, and that fort would remain a bone of contention for the two empires.
  • 16. Iron Gates Natural Park  The lake comprises mainly the Danube Gorge, the largest gorge in Europe, ranging between localities Bazias and Orsova. To protect natural habitat particularly Danube Gorge region was included in the Iron Gates Natural Park.
  • 17. Iron Gates Natural Park
  • 18. Natura 2000 site  Due to the richness bird, the Danube in the Iron Gates is declared Natura 2000 site.
  • 19. REFERENCES  cccmeadmin.chinamet.com/.../  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deuterium-depleted_water  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_policy_of_Romania  http://www.hidroelectrica.ro/
  • 20. Thank you for watching! COSMIN ROIBU POMPIL OCHEA

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