Ch 19 notes


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  • Ch 19 notes

    1. 1. Chapter 19African Americans at the Mid-Century
    2. 2. 19. 1 -IntroductionRacism- prejudice based on race.This chapter will explore the experiencesof the African Americans .
    3. 3. 19.2 North and South, Slave and Free Slaves Legal Status Law defined slaves as PROPERTY not human beings. Legally, holders could do ANYTHING to property. Buy and sell slaves. Make slaves work. May hit or flog slaves and even kill slaves. Will slaves to children or heirs. Give slaves to settle a bet. Many states wouldn’t let owners free slave.
    4. 4. Rural and Urban SlavesMost slaves worked on farms or plantations(rural).Urban (city) slaves were “hired out” to work infactory, mills or workshops.Wages belonged to owners.Had some freedoms and lived off the planation.
    5. 5. Free Blacks in the SouthWorked as laborers, craftsmen, house servants.Whites thought “free blacks” needed to becontrolled.Free Blacks Couldn’t: own guns. travel freely between towns OR states. work certain jobs.
    6. 6. Free Blacks in the Northdiscrimination- unequal treatment based on aperson’s race, gender, religion, place of birth, orother arbitrary characteristic.segregation- the social separation of groups ofpeople, especially race. Many couldn’t vote, serve on a jury, no army, attend any public place(school, church or restaurant). Some states created separate schools for blacks. Often got low paying jobs.
    7. 7. 19.3- The Economics of SlaveryMost Southerners didn’t have slavesOnly rich plantation owners had slaves.Cotton gin = a profitable cash crop + slaverybecame necessary!Whites understood that the southern economydepended on cotton & slavery.Those without slaves dreamed of owning slaves.Slaves became MORE valuable. LESS likely poor whites would ever own one.
    8. 8. UGRR video questions #57Based on your notes from the video explain the following What region of the U.S. were the homes of the Underground Railroad? Explain the significance? What occupation many of the men have? What connection can you make? Explain some motivating factors that led these men to help on the Underground Railroad. What interesting facts were you most impressed with?
    9. 9. Final Review for Chapter 19 TEST notes will be collected!Difference between racism, discrimination andsegregationKnow the difference between slave and free blacks,urban vs. ruralKnow what Free & slave people could/couldn’t do.Know economy- cotton gin, plantation owners &small farmers
    10. 10. Final Review for Chapter 19 TESTBe able to explain the following: jobs- main and other - hours homes, food, clothes & medical care ways to control -( violent & non-violent) ways to resist - ( passive & violent) positives & negatives of family life leisure activities- work and play the master’s church vs. invisible church 4 types of African Culture that was incorporated. Th