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  • 1. Survey of Chapter 12• the title, headings, and subheadings, captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps, review questions, introductory and concluding paragraphs, and summary of what you think this chapter (unit) will be about
  • 2. The Spread of theRenaissance“It’s still all about geography!”
  • 3. Why did it start in Italy?• Travel to and from the Holy Land went through Italy for most of the Crusaders.• Italian city-states provided much of the transportation as well as a thriving trade.• Ideas travel with trade goods.
  • 4. What ideas came to Europe from the Middle East? • Arab scholars had preserved the works of ancient Greeks and Romans that European Christians had destroyed as heresy. • Europeans studied with Arab scholars and brought the work back to Europe.
  • 5. Why was Italy the first to rediscover these ancient ideas?• Trade made the Italian city-states fabulously wealthy• Competition between the city- states for status• Available history. Italy is layered with ancient relics and ruins.
  • 6. Humanism and Renaissance Art • Humanism was a new approach to learning that included history and languages. • Artists used Greek and Roman history and Arab mathematics to create a new realism in their work.
  • 7. Trade routes from Italy to the rest of Europe Italy’s trade carried the new Renaissance ideas to France, England, Spain and the German States from when the Renaissance began in Italy in roughly 1400 A.D until Italy lost its trading dominance in the 1500’s.
  • 8. The French Renaissance• In France the Renaissance is most obvious in architecture and some of the paintings.• The Chateau de Chambord was built during the French Renaissance, using columns, domes and varying shapes that were used in ancient times in Italy.
  • 9. The German Renaissance• German painting is combination of Renaissance realism and German religious feeling.• This portrait of the Madonna and Child was painted by Albrecht Durer around 1520 and is a fine example.
  • 10. The Renaissance in Spain• The Spanish Renaissance mostly showed up in scholarship and architecture.• The Escorial Palace was built by Philip II in the late 1500’s showing the domes and various shapes used in ancient Italian architecture.
  • 11. Renaissance in England • The best evidence of the Renaissance in England are the works of William Shakespeare. • England was also strong in portrait painting and architecture.
  • 12. LEQ: What has been Machiavelli’simpact on modern politicians?
  • 13. LEQ: How did the Renaissance provide Dante with the resourceshe needed to create the Inferno?
  • 14. Do Now! How did each of the followingsupport the Italian Renaissance?1. Crusades2. The invention of the printing press3. Wealthy families and the church had amassed enough wealth to…4. The development of financial techniques such as bookkeeping and credit
  • 15. LEQ: How did the Renaissance provide Dante with the resourceshe needed to create the Inferno?
  • 16. DBQ’s for the Inferno1. Select any two punishments of sin of your choosing. Analyze why you think Dante creates that punishment for that sin.2. Why do you think Dante focuses on these sins? Are there any sins you’re surprised not to find?3. Why do you think Lucifer “ground up Judas, Brutus and Crassus?” How does this support or discredit the ideals of the Renaissance?4. Would this make a kewl movie? Why or why not?
  • 17. Do Now: brainstorm ideas from the artists point ofview and from the point of view of the portraitssubject. (Make a T chart for organization)