Independent Activity• Read The Twelve Tables of Rome• Explain what one of the laws means in  your own words• Describe a si...
Carthage                                          Dispute over control                                            of Sicil...
FIRST PUNIC WAR• Primarily a naval war   – Tactics: maneuver ship to ram and sink enemy      • Carthage: very good, experi...
ROME WINS THE FIRST ONE• Rome would not surrender   – Finally turned tables on Carthage by changing rules of naval     war...
Hannibal-the-Conqueror"I swear that so soon as age willpermit . . . I will use fire and steelto arrest the destiny of Rome...
SECOND PUNIC WAR        "Hannibal ad portas" (“Hannibal is at the Gates!”)• Carthagian general Hannibal  surprises Romans,...
Alps•Hannibal conceived of an invasion of Italy from the north•Wanted them crushed on own turf—counted on disaffected alli...
•15 days marched through rugged mountain passes•Enormous army•Diverse origin and language      •38 war elephants      •ene...
When Hannibal reached the Po Valley      army was reduced to half its former size      most of his war elephants were lost...
Italy•Spent winter in Po Valley•Gained many recruits among the Gauls & others•Crossed Apennines in spring of 217.•Ravaged ...
Africa•Back in Carthage after 16 years of victorious warfare•Hannibal defeated by Scipio Africanus•Battle of Zama•Ironical...
•Hannibal poisoned himself when threatened with being prisoner•He did so in Libyssa, close to todays Istanbul in Turkey.•R...
ROME WINS• Unable to defeat Hannibal in Italy, a Roman army sailed across the  Mediterranean, landed in North Africa, and ...
THIRD PUNIC WAR• Carthage finished after Second  Punic War   – Hannibal committed suicide   – Economy shattered   – Lost a...
ROME WINS A THIRD TIME           • Due to Cato’s persistent             efforts, Rome declares war             against def...
Took over Greece, Macedonia,               Rome eventually                 Rome always                  Successorsome of A...
Punic Wars
Punic Wars
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Punic Wars

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Honors History: this power point goes along with chapter 5 section 1.

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Punic Wars

  1. 1. Independent Activity• Read The Twelve Tables of Rome• Explain what one of the laws means in your own words• Describe a situation where the law might be applied
  2. 2. Carthage Dispute over control of Sicily and trade routes in the western Carthage MediterraneanResult was the three had been brought Rome into Punic Wars founded as conflict with the Phoenician 264-146 BC powerful North colony 500 African city-state of years earlier Carthage
  3. 3. FIRST PUNIC WAR• Primarily a naval war – Tactics: maneuver ship to ram and sink enemy • Carthage: very good, experienced naval power • Rome: small navy, little experience – Defeated repeatedly by Carthaginian navy
  4. 4. ROME WINS THE FIRST ONE• Rome would not surrender – Finally turned tables on Carthage by changing rules of naval warfare • Equipped ships with huge hooks and • Stationed soldiers on ships • Would hook enemy ship, pull nearby, board it with soldiers – Converted naval warfare into mini-land battles • Something Rome was very good at • Won First Punic War as a result
  5. 5. Hannibal-the-Conqueror"I swear that so soon as age willpermit . . . I will use fire and steelto arrest the destiny of Rome." ~~Childhood Hannibal Quote Born about 247 - Died 183BC
  6. 6. SECOND PUNIC WAR "Hannibal ad portas" (“Hannibal is at the Gates!”)• Carthagian general Hannibal surprises Romans,• leads army from Spain, through southern France and the Alps,• invades Italy from the north• Defeats Roman armies sent to stop him several times but hesitates to attack Rome itself• Too well fortified• Settles instead on war of attrition in hope of destroying Roman economic base
  7. 7. Alps•Hannibal conceived of an invasion of Italy from the north•Wanted them crushed on own turf—counted on disaffected allies•Crossed the Iberus-bloody battles with Spanish tribes•Marched with about 40,000 men across the Pyrenees•In Gaul, quick progress to Rhone River•Transported army & war elephants across the river
  8. 8. •15 days marched through rugged mountain passes•Enormous army•Diverse origin and language •38 war elephants •enemy attacks •landslides •early autumn snow•Heroic feat•Captured the imagination of historians and poets alike
  9. 9. When Hannibal reached the Po Valley army was reduced to half its former size most of his war elephants were lostMet the army of Publius Scipio at the Ticinus RiverHannibals Numidian cavalry won decisive victoryScipio seriously wounded, withdrew to the Trebia RiverConsular army of Titus Sèmpronius Longus, recalled bySenate from Sicily to joinTactics of ambush & outflanking vs. enemyHannibal defeated combined armies of RomansCaused loss of ~20,000 Roman soldiers
  10. 10. Italy•Spent winter in Po Valley•Gained many recruits among the Gauls & others•Crossed Apennines in spring of 217.•Ravaged Etruria•Provoked pursuit of new consul Gaius Flaminius•Rushed down from ambush on opposing hills•Hannibals troops annihilated almost entire army•Intercepted & destroyed cavalry
  11. 11. Africa•Back in Carthage after 16 years of victorious warfare•Hannibal defeated by Scipio Africanus•Battle of Zama•Ironically, Hannibal victim of his own strategy: •Scipio outflanked & surrounded Carthaginians •Aid of King Masinissas Numidian cavalry•Hannibal escaped with a few horsemen•Rushed to Carthage•Counseled peace•Treaty in 201
  12. 12. •Hannibal poisoned himself when threatened with being prisoner•He did so in Libyssa, close to todays Istanbul in Turkey.•Ruins of grave site near Diliskelesi, South of Gebze, 60km East of Istanbul “Let us release the Romans from their long anxiety, since they think it too long to wait for the death of an old man.”
  13. 13. ROME WINS• Unable to defeat Hannibal in Italy, a Roman army sailed across the Mediterranean, landed in North Africa, and headed for Carthage – Led by patrician general Scipio Aemilius Africanus – Hannibal forced to leave Italy to protect Carthage • Defeated at the Battle of Zama, fought outside the walls of Carthage Hannibal
  14. 14. THIRD PUNIC WAR• Carthage finished after Second Punic War – Hannibal committed suicide – Economy shattered – Lost all territory to Rome – But some Romans feared it might revive someday and challenge Rome again • Notably Cato the Elder – Pushed for another war that would wipe Carthage off the face of the map Cato the Elder
  15. 15. ROME WINS A THIRD TIME • Due to Cato’s persistent efforts, Rome declares war against defenseless Carthage – Wins easily – Entire population of city sold into slavery – Everything of value carried back to Rome – Everything else burned and dumped into the sea – Site sown with salt so that nothing would ever grow there again – Carthage completely disappeared
  16. 16. Took over Greece, Macedonia, Rome eventually Rome always Successorsome of Asia Minor, Syria, Aegean responded in the became weary of kingdom Rome drawnendless playing this into theand eastern Mediterranean islands increasingly called belief that affairsRomanrole in by 133 BC a successor on of the achieving balance refereeing aid and kingdoms of their incessant realized that the power in the east warscontinued wasagainstthan better each independence of the having one other successor kingdoms successor kingdom threaten Roman become too powerful and interests challenge Rome

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