Lobbying and theLegislative Process    Developed by the Close Up Foundation                                           CLOS...
Definition• Advocate:    To defend or maintain a cause or proposal; to    petition for change using the art of persuading ...
Definition• Lobby:    To promote (as for a project) or secure the    passage of (as for legislation) by influencing    pub...
Players and Decision                  Makers• President and the cabinet• Members of Congress• Governors and mayors• Indivi...
Players and Decision               Makers (cont’d)•   Individual companies•   Trade Associations•   Labor unions and consu...
First Amendment                          Freedoms• Freedom of religion• Freedom of speech• Freedom of press• Right to peti...
Lobbying Regulations• Honest Leadership and Open  Government Act of 2007• Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995• Foreign Agents ...
Lobbying Regulations                                       (cont’d)• Congressional Ethics Rules—The Gift Ban• Post-Employm...
Reflection• Is lobbying a negative or positive part of  the legislative process?• How effective are lobbyists?• What are t...
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Chapter 11 Interest Groups Lobbying Process

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Unit 3 AP GOV supplemental information

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Chapter 11 Interest Groups Lobbying Process

  1. 1. Lobbying and theLegislative Process Developed by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORG and the Bryce Harlow Foundation
  2. 2. Definition• Advocate: To defend or maintain a cause or proposal; to petition for change using the art of persuading othersDeveloped by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORGand the Bryce Harlow Foundation
  3. 3. Definition• Lobby: To promote (as for a project) or secure the passage of (as for legislation) by influencing public officials through education; to attempt to influence or sway (as for a public official) toward a desired action by substantive debateDeveloped by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORGand the Bryce Harlow Foundation
  4. 4. Players and Decision Makers• President and the cabinet• Members of Congress• Governors and mayors• Individual citizensDeveloped by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORGand the Bryce Harlow Foundation
  5. 5. Players and Decision Makers (cont’d)• Individual companies• Trade Associations• Labor unions and consumer groups• Law firms and lobbying groups• Public Relations Firms• Grassroots Firms• Polling Firms• Interest GroupsDeveloped by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORGand the Bryce Harlow Foundation
  6. 6. First Amendment Freedoms• Freedom of religion• Freedom of speech• Freedom of press• Right to petitionDeveloped by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORGand the Bryce Harlow Foundation
  7. 7. Lobbying Regulations• Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007• Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995• Foreign Agents Registration ActDeveloped by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORGand the Bryce Harlow Foundation
  8. 8. Lobbying Regulations (cont’d)• Congressional Ethics Rules—The Gift Ban• Post-Employment Lobbying by Federal Officials• Campaign Laws and Political Action CommitteesDeveloped by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORGand the Bryce Harlow Foundation
  9. 9. Reflection• Is lobbying a negative or positive part of the legislative process?• How effective are lobbyists?• What are the best ways for decision makers to acquire information?• Are the laws that currently govern lobbying effective?Developed by the Close Up Foundation CLOSEUP.ORGand the Bryce Harlow Foundation

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