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This is the presentation for Chapter 4 Section 2, which covers the Greek City-States of Athens and Sparta in great detail. Please use your graphic organizer.

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  1. 1. Athens vs. SpartaDO NOW:Critical Thinking Skills Activity#1-6
  2. 2. How would people describe yourcountry’s…1. Government2. Education3. Social Structure4. Allies5. Military Strength6. Lifestyle7. Cultural Achievement
  3. 3. Comparison Activity In groups you will complete a chart comparing different features of Athens and Sparta In groups of 2 you will create a chart comparing: Location Government Education Social Structure Allies Military Strength Lifestyle Cultural Achievement Role of Women Food Population
  4. 4. Athens Sparta Population / Location Government Social Structure Allies/Military Lifestyle/Values Education Role of Women Cultural Achievement Food
  5. 5. Population Athens SpartaBy 432 B.C. largest 8,000 adult males city-state Over 100,000 150,000 slaves and semi- Athenians enslaved people 50,000 aliens and 100,000 slaves
  6. 6. Government Athens SpartaDirect democracy  Oligarchy: rule by few  Combination of different formsElected officials including of gov. 10 generals, magistrates  Two kings: led armyCouncil of 500: administer  5 Overseers: ran day-to-day decision made by Assembly operations of Sparta; had vetoAssembly: all male power  Senate: 28 men over 60; elected citizens; passed laws for life; acted as judges; proposedTrial by jury legislation  Assembly: all Spartan males
  7. 7. Social Structure Athens SpartaFreemen: all male citizens Spartiates: Land owningUpper: Aristocrats military professionals Land owners Perioeci: foreigners who Naval captains and military were craftsman, artisans leaders Helots: serfs (farmers) whoMiddle: small farmers worked on the SpartiatesLower: craftsman land Gave 1/2 of all theirMetics: foreigners produce to Spartiates /Slaves: treated less harshly military than other Greek city-states
  8. 8. Allies/Military Athens SpartaDelian League: Peloponnesian League: collection of city-states Superior army on land that pledged loyalty to Entire culture was Athens Athens taxed them for focused on the art of protection warAthens had very strong navy
  9. 9. Peloponnesian War
  10. 10. Lifestyle / Values Athens SpartaDemocratic values Militaristic valuesParticipation in Citizens were not government a civic permitted to own responsibility luxuriesMany religious holidays Children were taught toTheatre / sporting respect elderly, women, and warriors eventsTrading empire brought contact with many other cultures
  11. 11. Education Athens SpartaSchools taught reading, Boys: at age 7 they were taken writing and mathematics, from their parents and taught music, poetry, sport and the art of war gymnastics Had to steal to surviveAges 5-14 (wealthy went At age 20 they entered the military until 18) At age 20 they were able toAcademies were set up to marry study philosophy, rhetoric, Girls: at age 7 they were and ethics reading and writing,Girls were taught gymnastics, athletics and homemaking skills survival skills
  12. 12. Role of Women Sparta Athens Girls were educatedWomen were kept at Could participate in sports home Goal was to produce healthyCould not participate babies Married at 18 in athletics Enjoyed a great deal ofSome women held freedom high posts at religious Could own and control their ceremonies property Expected to protect land while husband was at war
  13. 13. Cultural Achievement Athens SpartaArt Military supremacy Sculptures Simple lifestyle PotteryArchitecture “ideal” communityDramaLiteraturePhilosophyScienceMedicineMathematicsDemocracy
  14. 14. Food Athens SpartaEnjoyed food from all Spartan Broth: pork, over the empire blood, salt, vinegarTrade brought goods Trained to dislike from all over the luxuries and fancy food Mediterranean region Men lived separate from wives for much of the time
  15. 15. Small Group Discussion1. If you were a young teenage girl of the citizen class, in which city-state would you rather live? Why?2. If you were a slave, in which would you rather live? Why?3. If you were a boy of the citizen class, in which would you rather live? Why?4. If you were a young soldier, in which would you rather live? Why?5. If you were a very wealthy person of the citizen class, in which would you rather live? Why?