Introduction to Greek Mythology


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This is a basic introduction to Greek Mythology and the concepts that are essential to understanding mythology. There is also a connection to mythology in current advertising.

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  • Introduction to Greek Mythology

    1. 1. Greek Myths
    2. 2. What is mythology? <ul><li>Some people use the word my th to mean fake, but… </li></ul><ul><li>Mythology is the study of stories that were used to explain the world and other human experiences. </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Which biblical myth is this cartoon referring to? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it help explain our world? </li></ul>
    4. 4. In the same way, Greek Myths… <ul><li>Were used to explain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the creation of the earth, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>death and the afterlife, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and human experiences: love, jealousy, revenge , & war. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They were also used as entertainment and were only told orally because most people could not read. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Gods & Goddesses <ul><li>Greek Myths include gods & goddesses. </li></ul><ul><li>A god or goddess is immortal . This means that they can never die and that they live forever. </li></ul><ul><li>The immortals could not die but they did make mistakes and had human emotions such as: jealousy , love & anger. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Myths also include mortals <ul><li>Mortals are men and women who live on earth. To be mortal means that you can die. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the gods like to help , punish or even have romantic relationships with the mortals. </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Immortals Here are some of them…
    8. 8. Zeus <ul><li>The King of the gods </li></ul><ul><li>God of the skies </li></ul>
    9. 9. Hades <ul><li>Zeus’ brother </li></ul><ul><li>God of the Underworld (Land of the Dead) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Poseidon <ul><li>Zeus’ brother </li></ul><ul><li>God of the seas </li></ul>
    11. 11. Hera <ul><li>Zeus’ Wife </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of motherhood and child birth </li></ul>
    12. 12. Aphrodite <ul><li>Zeus’ daughter </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of love </li></ul>
    13. 13. Greek myths also include… HEROES
    14. 14. Odysseus <ul><li>After fighting in a war for 10 years… </li></ul><ul><li>He spends 10 </li></ul><ul><li>more years trying to return home </li></ul>
    15. 15. Hercales (Hercules) <ul><li>He is part-god and part-man </li></ul><ul><li>Completes 12 dangerous tasks </li></ul>
    16. 16. There are also… <ul><li>Monsters and other creatures </li></ul>
    17. 17. Centaurs <ul><li>rude, aggressive half- horse creatures </li></ul>
    18. 18. Satyrs <ul><li>Satyrs are half-man and half-goat. </li></ul><ul><li>The leader of the Satyrs was a god called Pan . </li></ul>
    19. 19. Cyclops <ul><li>One-eyed monsters </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous one, Polyphemus, fights Odysseus in his cave. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Nymphs <ul><li>female nature spirits </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>In our world today there are many references to Greek myths. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing these famous stories and characters will help you to better understand the world around you. </li></ul><ul><li>They are also fun to learn! </li></ul>
    22. 22. Greek Mythology in advertising…
    23. 23. More Mythological Images in Ads…
    24. 24. While we are studying… <ul><li>Look for images or references to Greek Mythology. </li></ul><ul><li>You can email me your findings or bring them with you to class. </li></ul><ul><li>We may want to use some of these as commercials in our final “TMZ Project” </li></ul>