A religion is an organized system of beliefs and
practices often centered around one or more gods.
Most religions began in order to bring order to one’s
Top 5 Religions Christianity
World's Top Religions
A monotheistic religion revealed to Muhammad ibn
Abdullah between 610-632 C.E.
Islam literally translates to “The peace that comes
when one surrenders to God”.
Islam teaches there is only one God and the God is
Who are Muslims?
“one who willfully submits to God”- Someone who
willfully follows the principles and guidelines of Islam
Islam teaches that everything is Muslim
One of the fastest growing religions in the world
From the Pew Research Center, 2011
All Muslims are Arabs / All Arabs
o Arabs only 15% of the Muslims
oThe country with the most Muslims is
oMuslims make up 1/5 of the world’s
All Muslims are terrorists
Terrorism is not justified in the Qu’ran
Islam oppresses Women
•Most of the violence against women is
based on local culture w/o basis in Islam
Muslims don’t believe in Jesus
Jesus is a prophet in Islam
Islam had existed on the Arabian Peninsula since God
starting sending messages to Abraham cast out Hagar
In 610 C.E. Muhammad, a merchant from
Mecca, began receiving visions from the angel Gabriel.
In Islam Muhammad is known as the “Seal of the
Prophets”. The last true prophet of Allah.
Allah is God. The word Allah is derived from the
words “The” and “God” in Arabic.
Allah is the creator found in the Qu’ran
Arabic speaking Christians and Jews also use the term
Allah to reference God – which means followers of
Christianity, Judaism, and Islam believe in a common
monotheistic creator and prophets
(Jesus, Abraham, Moses, Noah, etc.)
The holy book of Islam is known as the Qur'an.
In Arabic Qur'an means “recitation”
The Qur'an was created from literally from the words
spoken to Muhammad from God.
The Qur’an is the primary source for Islamic beliefs
The Qur'an is the most memorized book in the world.
Before Muhammad began to
spread the word of Islam people
living on the Arabian peninsula
were known as Arabs and spoke
Arabs were traders, farmers, town
dwellers, and nomads
Some desert Arabs practiced
polytheism, the belief in many
gods, and eventually worshipped
at the Ka’aba
Mecca became a sight for many
Jews and Christians also lived in
Arabs blended many beliefs and
The Arabian Peninsula
is located in South
Includes the modern
day countries of Saudi
Arabia, Yemen, Qatar, I
srael, Jordan, Syria, Ira
q and Lebanon
The Arabian Peninsula is
surrounded on three sides
Arid region of South West
Asia between the Red Sea
and Persian Gulf ¼ the size
of the U.S.
Farmland is sparse and is
located in the southern
mountains and along the
To adapt to the climate the
people of the Arabian Peninsula
either settled on fertile oases or
Nomads – herders who move
from place to place seeking
grazing land and water (oases or
Arab nomads were/ are known
Oases became trade centers
nomads would interact with
Oasis based groups
Nomads lived in family based
groups known as clans
An advantage for the people of
the Arabian Peninsula was that
it was at the crossroads of three
continents: Africa, Asia, and
Bordered by the
Mediterranean, Red, and
Arabian seas, and the Persian
Gulf which aided in trade access
By 600 C.E. nomads settled in
market towns near coasts for
Oases with good soil became key
Mecca became an important
trade and religious center in
Caravans brought trade goods
and worshippers to the Ka’aba
shrine at the center of Mecca
The Ka’aba is linked to
Built as a temple to God or
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