The Role of the Medieval Church

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The Role of the Medieval Church

  1. 1. The Role of the Medieval Catholic Church
  2. 2. • What was the Catholic Church’s role in daily life? • Describe the church hierarchy • Why was the church powerful in Medieval Europe? • Why did conflict arise between the Catholic Church and the monarchies?
  3. 3. Why the Roman Catholic Church? • The Great Schism – – Central part of the Church was (and is) located in Rome, Italy – As the Byzantine Empire grew stronger – the emperor of the Byzantines often disagreed with the pope. • Issues: Who had the most religious power? Pope or Emperor? • In 730 Byzantine Emperor Leo III was excommunicated from the church for banning icons • By 1054 The Byzantine Empire created it’s own church: The Eastern Orthodox
  4. 4. Roman Catholic • Services are conducted in Latin or local languages • The pop has authority over all other bishops • The pope claims authority over all kings and emperors • Priests may not marry Eastern Orthodox • Services are conducted in Greek or other local languages • The patriarch and other bishops head the church as a group • The emperor claims authority over all religious matters • Priests may be married Similarities: • They base their faith on the gospel of Jesus and the Bible • They use sacraments such as baptism • Their religious leaders are bishops and priests • They seek to convert people
  5. 5. Why the Roman Catholic Church? • During the 11th-15th European monarchies were increasing in power • The Church and monarchies were trying to centralize political and religious power • Most powerful institution in Europe – – Took the place of powerful governments that once existed (Rome) – Most people in Europe practiced Christianity – Superstitions and tradition (God will punish you)
  6. 6. The Church’s Role in Society • Services – provide people with sacraments (baptism, etc.) religious ceremonies in which a member of the church received the grace of God • Monasteries – places where religious followers called monks and nuns practiced a life of prayer and worship. They also studied Christian works and copied the Bible • Political Roles – strong ties to Europe’s nobility – local princes were often bishops – Many church officials helped run monarch’s kingdoms
  7. 7. The Church’s Role in Society • Education – – Religious Orders – • A group of people who live by rules specific to their order – separate themselves from society to focus on prayer – Made up of Monks, Nuns, and Friars – Ex. Franciscan Friars – mendicant (traveled to preach the word of God, owned nothing, and primarily lived by begging) • Universities – Cathedrals became the center of education and power for bishops – As cities grew cathedrals expanded into universities – Taught Greek and Roman philosophy
  8. 8. Important Figures Francis of Assisi • Founder of the Franciscan religious order in the 1200’s • Asked followers to live in poverty and serve as teachers, healers, and friends to all living things • Saint Thomas Aquinas• Scholar began studying the texts of Aristotle • Argued that classical philosophy could exist in harmony with Christian faith
  9. 9. Conflict Arises • As monarchies grew stronger they choose to cooperate with the Church….however… • In the 11th century the relationship was tested – Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry – Holy Roman Empire – Lay Investiture • Tension continues for centries
  10. 10. Answer the Essential Questions.. • What was the Catholic Church’s role in daily life? • Describe the church hierarchy • Why was the church powerful in Medieval Europe? • Why did conflict arise between the Catholic Church and the monarchies?

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