Introduction to Research Paper
Purpose
• Students will write a comprehensive research
essay on a person who has made a positive
change in the world.
People
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Harriet Tubman
Frederick Douglass
Gandhi
Nelson Mandela
Chinua Sugihara
Elie Wiesel
Os...
Historical Context
• Everyone is influenced by the time period they
live in. We dress, speak, and act a certain way
becaus...
Abolitionist Movement
• Started to become popular in the 1830’s
because of the “Second Great Awakening” (a
religious movem...
Famous Abolitionists
• Sojourner Truth
• Harriet Beecher Stowe
• John Brown

• Harriet Tubman
• Frederick Douglass
Harriet Tubman
1820-1913
Conductor on the “Underground
Railroad” – a secret system developed
to help slaves escape from th...
Frederick Douglass
1818-1895
“People might not get all they work for in this world,
but they most certainly work for what ...
Apartheid
• A system of racial segregation in South Africa
enforced by law
• Began in 1948 and ended in 1994
• The rights ...
Apartheid (cont.)
• Between 1960-1983 – 3.5 million non-white
South Africans were moved into segregated
residential areas
...
Mahatma Gandhi
1869-1948
“First they ignore you, then they laugh at you
Then they fight, then you win.”
Fought for :
Endin...
Nelson Mandela
1918-2013
“There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of
us will have to pass through the Valley o...
World War II:
The Holocaust
• 1930’s-1945 – Germany, Poland, Czech
Republic, Russia, Lithuania and German
Occupied states
...
Chiune Sughihara
1900-1986
He helped thousands
Of Jews leave Lithuania
By issuing visas to Jewish
Refugees so they could
T...
Elie Wiesel
1928-present
Won the Nobel Prize in 1986
Author of 57 books
Including Night

“There may be time when we are po...
Oskar Schindler
1908-1974

“I was now resolved to do everything in my power to defeat the system.”
American Civil Rights Movement
• 1955-1966
• Social movements in the United States whose
goal was to end racial segregatio...
Key Civil Rights Events
•
•
•
•
•
•

Brown vs. Board of Education
Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Desegregating ...
Rosa Parks
1913-2005

Best known for refusing to move her seat on a segregated bus
Martin Luther King
1929-1968

“Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do
that. Hate cannot drive out hate; onl...
Jackie Robinson
1919-1972

Involved in the American Civil Rights Movement

“I'm not concerned with your liking or dislikin...
Roberto Clemente
1934-1972

Civil Rights activist
“If you have a chance to accomplish something
that will make things bett...
American Labor Movement
• Started in the 1800’s
• A movement to improve working conditions
for American workers
• Created ...
Cesar Chavez
1927-1993

“Students must have initiative; they
should not be mere imitators. They must
learn to think and ac...
Jane Goodall and Temple Grandin

Anthropologist and Environmentalist

Normal people have an incredible lack of
empathy. Th...
Introduction to research paper
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Introduction to research paper

  1. 1. Introduction to Research Paper
  2. 2. Purpose • Students will write a comprehensive research essay on a person who has made a positive change in the world.
  3. 3. People • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Harriet Tubman Frederick Douglass Gandhi Nelson Mandela Chinua Sugihara Elie Wiesel Oskar Schindlar Martin Luther King Rosa Parks Jackie Robinson Roberto Clemente Caesar Chavez Jane Goodall Temple Grandin • Each one of these individuals has change the world through their actions. • Your purpose in writing your paper is to explain what change they made and how it has impacted the world we live in today.
  4. 4. Historical Context • Everyone is influenced by the time period they live in. We dress, speak, and act a certain way because of the time period that we live in. • The same is true for the people that you will write your paper about. – – – – – Abolitionist Movement Apartheid World War II/ Holocaust American Civil Rights Movement Labor/ Immigration Movement
  5. 5. Abolitionist Movement • Started to become popular in the 1830’s because of the “Second Great Awakening” (a religious movement) • Abolitionists wanted the immediate emancipation (freedom) and the end of racial discrimination and segregation • The movement contributed to the tensions between North and South which led to the American Civil War (1861-1865)
  6. 6. Famous Abolitionists • Sojourner Truth • Harriet Beecher Stowe • John Brown • Harriet Tubman • Frederick Douglass
  7. 7. Harriet Tubman 1820-1913 Conductor on the “Underground Railroad” – a secret system developed to help slaves escape from the South Born into slavery. She escaped and helped more than 300 slaves Escape to freedom. In her lifetime she was a Civil War Nurse, Suffragist, and Civil Rights Activist “Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember you have within you the strength, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world.”
  8. 8. Frederick Douglass 1818-1895 “People might not get all they work for in this world, but they most certainly work for what they get.” He was responsible for the Emancipation Proclamation African-American Social Reformer, orator, and statesman He was taught to read by a slave owner’s wife Then he taught other slaves to read He was a born into slavery, sold Several times. Believed in equal rights Of all people
  9. 9. Apartheid • A system of racial segregation in South Africa enforced by law • Began in 1948 and ended in 1994 • The rights of the majority black population was limited by the Afrikaner (white) minority • Legislation classified people into four racial groups: “black”, “white”, “coloured”, and “Indian” – both Indian and coloured were further divided into sub classification
  10. 10. Apartheid (cont.) • Between 1960-1983 – 3.5 million non-white South Africans were moved into segregated residential areas • 1970 non-white representation was abolished • Black people were derived of their South African citizenship • Education, medical care, beaches, and other public services were segregated • In the 1980’s opposition became stronger and by 1990 negotiations began which would bring an end to Apartheid. Th
  11. 11. Mahatma Gandhi 1869-1948 “First they ignore you, then they laugh at you Then they fight, then you win.” Fought for : Ending poverty Women’s rights Building religious and ethnic equality Ending “untouchability” Obtaining independence from England Used non-violent disobedience to gain independence and inspired Civil rights movements around the world Began his civil –disobedience In South Africa as a lawyer
  12. 12. Nelson Mandela 1918-2013 “There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the Valley of the Shadow of Death again and again before we reach the mountain top of our desires.” Anti-Apartheid revolutionary, pol itician, philanthro pist, and first black President of South Africa
  13. 13. World War II: The Holocaust • 1930’s-1945 – Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Russia, Lithuania and German Occupied states • The mass murder or genocide of approximately 6 million Jews during WWII • State sponsored murder by the Nazi party throughout Germany and German occupied territories
  14. 14. Chiune Sughihara 1900-1986 He helped thousands Of Jews leave Lithuania By issuing visas to Jewish Refugees so they could Travel to Japan “Do what is right because it is right, and leave it alone.”
  15. 15. Elie Wiesel 1928-present Won the Nobel Prize in 1986 Author of 57 books Including Night “There may be time when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest.”
  16. 16. Oskar Schindler 1908-1974 “I was now resolved to do everything in my power to defeat the system.”
  17. 17. American Civil Rights Movement • 1955-1966 • Social movements in the United States whose goal was to end racial segregation and discrimination against black Americans and enforce voting rights to them • Campaigns of civil resistance consisting of non-violent protest and civil disobedience
  18. 18. Key Civil Rights Events • • • • • • Brown vs. Board of Education Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott Desegregating Little Rock Central High School Sit-ins Freedom Rides March on Washington – “I Have a Dream Speech” • Selma and Voting Rights Act
  19. 19. Rosa Parks 1913-2005 Best known for refusing to move her seat on a segregated bus
  20. 20. Martin Luther King 1929-1968 “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.”
  21. 21. Jackie Robinson 1919-1972 Involved in the American Civil Rights Movement “I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me... All I ask is that you respect me as a human being.”
  22. 22. Roberto Clemente 1934-1972 Civil Rights activist “If you have a chance to accomplish something that will make things better for people coming behind you, and you don't do that, you are wasting your time on this earth.”
  23. 23. American Labor Movement • Started in the 1800’s • A movement to improve working conditions for American workers • Created organized labor unions – AFL-CIO
  24. 24. Cesar Chavez 1927-1993 “Students must have initiative; they should not be mere imitators. They must learn to think and act for themselves and be free.”
  25. 25. Jane Goodall and Temple Grandin Anthropologist and Environmentalist Normal people have an incredible lack of empathy. They have good emotional empathy, but they don't have much empathy for the autistic kid who is screaming at the baseball game because he can't stand the sensory overload. Or the autistic kid having a meltdown in the school cafeteria because there's too much stimulation. “Change happens by listening and then starting a dialogue with the people who are doing something you don't believe is right.” Animal Rights and Autsim Awareness activist
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