A religion is an organized system of beliefs and practices often centered around one or more gods. Most religions began in order to bring order to one’s life. Worlds Top Religions Top 5 Religions- Christianity Judaism Islam Buddhism Hinduism Hinduism Buddhism Nonreligious Judaism Other Islam Christianity
A monotheistic religion revealed to Muhammad ibn Abdullah between 610-632 C.E. Islam literally translates to “The peace that comes when one surrenders to God”. Islam teaches there is only one God and the God is Allah.Who are Muslims? “one who willfully submits to God”- Someone who willfully follows the principles and guidelines of Islam Islam teaches that everything is Muslim
One of the fastest growing religions in the world From the Pew Research Center, 2011
Myth Truth o Arabs only 15% of the MuslimsAll Muslims are Arabs / All Arabs populationare Muslim oThe country with the most Muslims is Indonesia oMuslims make up 1/5 of the world’s populationAll Muslims are terrorists Terrorism is not justified in the Qu’ran •Most of the violence against women isIslam oppresses Women based on local culture w/o basis in IslamMuslims don’t believe in Jesus Jesus is a prophet in Islam
Islam had existed on the Arabian Peninsula since God starting sending messages to Abraham cast out Hagar and Ishmael. In 610 C.E. Muhammad, a merchant from Mecca, began receiving visions from the angel Gabriel. In Islam Muhammad is known as the “Seal of the Prophets”. The last true prophet of Allah.
Allah is God. The word Allah is derived from the words “The” and “God” in Arabic. Allah is the creator found in the Qu’ran Arabic speaking Christians and Jews also use the term Allah to reference God – which means followers of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam believe in a common monotheistic creator and prophets (Jesus, Abraham, Moses, Noah, etc.)
The bible of Islam is known as the Quran. In Arabic Quran means “recitation” The Quran was created from literally from the words spoken to Muhammad from God. The Qur’an is the primary source for Islamic beliefs The Quran is the most memorized book in the world.
Before Muhammad began to spread the word of Islam people living on the Arabian peninsula were known as Arabs and spoke Arabic Arabs were traders, farmers, town dwellers, and nomads Some desert Arabs practiced polytheism, the belief in many gods, and eventually worshipped at the Ka’aba Mecca became a sight for many religious pilgrimages Jews and Christians also lived in Mecca Arabs blended many beliefs and rituals
The Arabian Peninsula is located in South West Asia. Includes the modern day countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Qatar, I srael, Jordan, Syria, Ira q and Lebanon
The Arabian Peninsula is surrounded on three sides by water Arid region of South West Asia between the Red Sea and Persian Gulf ¼ the size of the U.S. Farmland is sparse and is located in the southern mountains and along the coastline
To adapt to the climate the people of the Arabian Peninsula either settled on fertile oases or became nomads Nomads – herders who move from place to place seeking grazing land and water (oases or coastlines) Arab nomads were/ are known as Bedouins Oases became trade centers nomads would interact with Oasis based groups Nomads lived in family based groups known as clans
An advantage for the people of the Arabian Peninsula was that it was at the crossroads of three continents: Africa, Asia, and Europe Bordered by the Mediterranean, Red, and Arabian seas, and the Persian Gulf which aided in trade access By 600 C.E. nomads settled in market towns near coasts for trade Oases with good soil became key trade stops
Mecca became an important trade and religious center in Western Arabia Caravans brought trade goods and worshippers to the Ka’aba shrine at the center of Mecca The Ka’aba is linked to Abraham Built as a temple to God or Allah