What is islam
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  • 1.  A religion is an organized system of beliefs and practices often centered around one or more gods. Most religions began in order to bring order to one’s life. Worlds Top Religions  Top 5 Religions-  Christianity Judaism  Islam Buddhism  Hinduism Hinduism  Buddhism Nonreligious  Judaism Other Islam Christianity
  • 2.  A monotheistic religion revealed to Muhammad ibn Abdullah between 610-632 C.E. Islam literally translates to “The peace that comes when one surrenders to God”. Islam teaches there is only one God and the God is Allah.Who are Muslims? “one who willfully submits to God”- Someone who willfully follows the principles and guidelines of Islam  Islam teaches that everything is Muslim
  • 3.  One of the fastest growing religions in the world From the Pew Research Center, 2011
  • 4. Myth Truth o Arabs only 15% of the MuslimsAll Muslims are Arabs / All Arabs populationare Muslim oThe country with the most Muslims is Indonesia oMuslims make up 1/5 of the world’s populationAll Muslims are terrorists Terrorism is not justified in the Qu’ran •Most of the violence against women isIslam oppresses Women based on local culture w/o basis in IslamMuslims don’t believe in Jesus Jesus is a prophet in Islam
  • 5.  Islam had existed on the Arabian Peninsula since God starting sending messages to Abraham cast out Hagar and Ishmael. In 610 C.E. Muhammad, a merchant from Mecca, began receiving visions from the angel Gabriel. In Islam Muhammad is known as the “Seal of the Prophets”. The last true prophet of Allah.
  • 6.  Allah is God. The word Allah is derived from the words “The” and “God” in Arabic. Allah is the creator found in the Qu’ran Arabic speaking Christians and Jews also use the term Allah to reference God – which means followers of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam believe in a common monotheistic creator and prophets (Jesus, Abraham, Moses, Noah, etc.)
  • 7.  The bible of Islam is known as the Quran. In Arabic Quran means “recitation” The Quran was created from literally from the words spoken to Muhammad from God. The Qur’an is the primary source for Islamic beliefs The Quran is the most memorized book in the world.
  • 8.  Before Muhammad began to spread the word of Islam people living on the Arabian peninsula were known as Arabs and spoke Arabic Arabs were traders, farmers, town dwellers, and nomads Some desert Arabs practiced polytheism, the belief in many gods, and eventually worshipped at the Ka’aba Mecca became a sight for many religious pilgrimages Jews and Christians also lived in Mecca Arabs blended many beliefs and rituals
  • 9.  The Arabian Peninsula is located in South West Asia. Includes the modern day countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Qatar, I srael, Jordan, Syria, Ira q and Lebanon
  • 10.  The Arabian Peninsula is surrounded on three sides by water Arid region of South West Asia between the Red Sea and Persian Gulf ¼ the size of the U.S. Farmland is sparse and is located in the southern mountains and along the coastline
  • 11.  To adapt to the climate the people of the Arabian Peninsula either settled on fertile oases or became nomads Nomads – herders who move from place to place seeking grazing land and water (oases or coastlines) Arab nomads were/ are known as Bedouins Oases became trade centers nomads would interact with Oasis based groups Nomads lived in family based groups known as clans
  • 12.  An advantage for the people of the Arabian Peninsula was that it was at the crossroads of three continents: Africa, Asia, and Europe Bordered by the Mediterranean, Red, and Arabian seas, and the Persian Gulf which aided in trade access By 600 C.E. nomads settled in market towns near coasts for trade Oases with good soil became key trade stops
  • 13.  Mecca became an important trade and religious center in Western Arabia Caravans brought trade goods and worshippers to the Ka’aba shrine at the center of Mecca  The Ka’aba is linked to Abraham  Built as a temple to God or Allah