West african medieval culturePresentation Transcript
West African Medieval 7 CultureDo Now:Compare your culture to the cultural characteristics ofAfrican clans.
How is CultureLike an Iceberg?
Cultural Ice Berg
Common Characteristicsof clan Life The good of the group comes before the individual All land is owned by the group Strong feeling of loyalty to the group Important ceremonies as certain ages Deep respect for ancestors Religion is an important part of daily life Government is in the hands of the king
Family Life Kinship is a connection among people by blood, marriage, or adoption Kinship groups formed the government of many African societies Council of elders often made decisions Families had a strong loyalty to their kinship group
What are clans?
Labor Specialization In West African villages the way of life for most people centered on farming.Women Men Children•Prepared food •Looked after large •Looked after flocks•Cared for children animals •Assisted women•Made pottery •Cleared land for•Worked in fields farming•Collected water •Built houses and fences Over time people began to focus on specific types of labor Led to a more diverse economy Some people focused on metalworking, herding, iron technology, and trade As a result of labor specialization the African population grew and became wealthier
West African Religion Before the introduction of Islam many Africans practiced a form of religion called “animism” Based on the belief in one supreme being, world of spirits in all things, belief in magic, and charms, and a diviner (moderator between earth and the divine) Islam and Christianity were introduced in the middle ages through trade and conquest
Trade in West Africa Trade helped West African villages grow into cities Gold mining and slaves led to more contact with North Africa As trade grew so did the importance of Cities as centers of politics, religion and education West Africa received silk, salt, cloth and metal wares while North Africans received gold, slaves, ivory, and cattle hides
Kings As West African societies developed complex trade systems, some powerful individuals called kings gained control of the system Many people were loyal to the king because he kept trade running smoothly Kings also played an important role in religious life: performed rituals, prayers Kings were accountable for bringing rain, and prosperity to their people