Act and Events Leading to the American RevolutionPontiac’s Rebellion: Indian Revolts against British forts and American se...
Quartering Act: colonists were to provide food and shelter for the British colonists.Stamp Act: placed taxes on all legal ...
James Otis: a lawyer who believed that the colonists should not betaxed because they were not represented in Parliament. I...
Crispus Attucks: African American killed by the British in theBoston Massacre                Tea Act: gave the British Eas...
************************************************************************************                      Before the Ameri...
Olive Branch Petition: colonists asked the king torestore harmony between Britain and the colonies. It was the last attemp...
Patriots: colonists who want to fight for their freedom                Thomas Jefferson: author of the Declaration of Inde...
John Paul Jones: a naval hero who won the most famous sea battleof the war. His famous quote was “I have not yet begun to ...
(British delegation representing King George III refused to show and so paintingwas never completed)The Americans’ Advanta...
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A merican revolution

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A merican revolution

  1. 1. Act and Events Leading to the American RevolutionPontiac’s Rebellion: Indian Revolts against British forts and American settlers inresponse to settlers claiming Native American lands.Great Britain’s 2 main problems after the war: maintain peace with the Indiansand war debt. He decided to tax the colonists.Proclamation of 1763: colonists (forbade) could not settle west of the AppalachianMountains.Sugar Act: placed tax on sugar, molasses and other products
  2. 2. Quartering Act: colonists were to provide food and shelter for the British colonists.Stamp Act: placed taxes on all legal documents (wills, contracts) newspaper,playing cards, diceStamp Act of Congress1765: the first colonists meeting to discuss protest of theStamp Act. Colonists decided to boycott British goods.Sons of Liberty: headed by Samuel Adams - a group of men who formed secretly tooppose British policies.King George III: King of Britain prior and during the American Revolution.
  3. 3. James Otis: a lawyer who believed that the colonists should not betaxed because they were not represented in Parliament. Is famous quote “ Notaxation without representation” Samuel Adams: leader of the Sons of Liberty who urged colonists toresist British control. Townshend Acts: placed import taxes on glass, paper, paintand tea. Writs of Assistance: search warrants to look for smuggledgoodsCommittees of Correspondence: 1772: A committee in which its members oftenwrote letters or pamphlets reporting to other colonies on events Boston Massacre: a conflict between the colonists and Britishsoldiers which led to the killing of 5 colonists
  4. 4. Crispus Attucks: African American killed by the British in theBoston Massacre Tea Act: gave the British East India Tea Company the ability to selltea at a lower price than those paid for smuggled goods. Boston Tea Party: a group of colonists that disguised themselvesas Indians and dumped 342 chests of tea in the ocean. Intolerable Acts:-closed the ports of Boston -British officers would be tried in Britain-Colonists could not hold town meetings -Quartering Act was enforced Patrick Henry: inspired colonists to take action againstthe British. His famous quote, “Give me Liberty, or give me Death!”
  5. 5. ************************************************************************************ Before the American Revolution: American Revolution: a war between the 13 colonies andBritain (1776-1783) in which the colonists won their independence from GreatBritain. Causes of the American Revolution: England’sneglect of the colonies, taxation, limitations of individual rights, and traderestrictions. Paul Revere and William Dawes 1775: Revere and Dawesrode to Lexington by different routes waking up minute men letting them know thatthe British were coming. Battle of Lexington and Concord 1775: 1st battles of theAmerican Revolution Second Continental Congress 1775 a meeting of colonialdelegates in which it was decided to set up a Continental Army (army of thecolonies) and named George Washington as its leader.
  6. 6. Olive Branch Petition: colonists asked the king torestore harmony between Britain and the colonies. It was the last attempt at peace.King rejected the petition. Thomas Paine: wrote “Common Sense” a pamphlet whichurged colonists to fight for independence. He also wrote “The Crisis” which urgedthe colonial soldiers not to give up and continue fighting for independence. Abigail Adams:wife of JohnAdams and mother of Samuel Adams; she was a pioneer of women’s rights Declaration of Independence: a documentadopted on July 4, 1776 establishing the 13 colonies as a nation independent fromGreat Britain. Unalienable Rights: Rights that Thomas Jeffersonnamed in the Declaration of Independence; they are life, liberty, and the pursuit ofhappiness. These rights cannot be taken away by the government. Loyalists: colonists who ARE loyal to the King
  7. 7. Patriots: colonists who want to fight for their freedom Thomas Jefferson: author of the Declaration of Independence************************************************************************************ American Revolutionary War Battles Battle of Lexington and Concord 1775: 1st battles of theAmerican Revolution. It is also known as the “Shot Heard around the World” Battle of Saratoga: 1777: This battle was a turning pointin the war, in which the Patriots won. France and Spain realized that the colonistcould win the war and decided to aid or help them in defeating Britain. Valley Forge: 1777-78: the lowest point of theRevolutionary War Thousands of soldiers died from starvation and disease Battle of Yorktown: 1781; the battle that ended theRevolutionary War in which Cornwallis surrendered and the Americans won thewar.
  8. 8. John Paul Jones: a naval hero who won the most famous sea battleof the war. His famous quote was “I have not yet begun to fight” George Washington: the commander of the Continental Army wholater became the 1st President of the United States. Benjamin Franklin: helped convinced France to help in theAmerican Revolution. Thomas Paine: wrote “The Crisis” which urged the colonialsoldiers not to give up and continue fighting for independence. General Cornwallis: British General who surrendered at YorktownTreaty of Paris 1783: officially ended the America Revolution. 1. Americans were independent 2. Americans gained all land west of the Mississippi River except Florida.
  9. 9. (British delegation representing King George III refused to show and so paintingwas never completed)The Americans’ Advantages: - had better leadership - received help from foreign countries (France, Spain) - fought on American soil and they knew the land better than the British - they were motivated to fight for their freedom

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