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Migration A1 1
 

Migration A1 1

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    Migration A1 1 Migration A1 1 Presentation Transcript

    • MIGRATION A Day Block 1
    • What is migration?
      • A change in residence intended to be permanent
      • International Migration- movement across country borders
      • Internal Migration- Migration that occurs within a single country’s borders
      • Most of these people never return home
    • Types of movement
      • Cyclic movement – Involves journeys that begin at out home base and bring us back to it
      • Periodic movement – Involves returning home, longer period of time away from home base
      • Example of cyclic movement – Nomadism: is a matter survival, culture, and religion. It is usually envisioned as aimlessly wandering across the steppe and desert
    • Why do people migrate?
      • Push Factor: negative condtions and perceptions that induce peopl to leave
      • Pull factor: positive conditions and perceptions that attract people to new places
      • Immigration waves: different patterns of chain migration that build upon each other to create swells in migration from one origin to the same destination
    • Forced Migration : the imposition of involuntary migration that is not by choice
      • Reasons
      • Armed conflict and Civil War
      • Natural Disasters and Famine
      • Deportation (being forced to go back home)
      • Political Refuge
      • Examples
      • Atlantic slave trade British prisoners being left in Australia
    • Voluntary Migration: migrating or leaving of your own free will
      • Reasons
      • Marriage Economic opportunities
      • Job seeking
      • Trying to keep your heritage safe
      • Hearing about the place from family and friends
      • Example
      • Guy from Mexico had a temporary job in Texas, and met Sally Sue. Then got married to her. Guy then moved to America.
    • Where Do People Migrate?
      • Reasons for migration:
      • Economic oppurtunities
      • To reconnect with their cultural group across borders.
      • To flee political conflict or war.
      • Vocabulary
      • Global-scale migration: move to the east coast of russia
      • Colonization: a physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place.
      • Island of development: coastal cities based on acces to trade
    • Where do people migrate?
      • Guest workers- legal (documented) migrants who have work visas , usually short term; often the sectors of the economy still need laborers.
      • Ex: labor migrants
      • Refugees- people who have a well founded fear of being prosecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.
      • Ex: European refugees that fled during World War 2
      • Internally Displaced Persons (IDP)- people who have been displaced within their own countries, but they do not cross the International Borders as they flee.
      • Ex: victims of Hurricane Katrina
      • Repatriation- a process which involves returning refugees to their homelands.
      • Ex: UNHCR
      • Genocide- acts committed with intent to destroy , in whole or in parts, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group.
      • Ex: Nazis’ attempt to destroy all Jews
    • What are local and popular cultures?
      • Local- People in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community. Share customs, experiences, and traits.
      • Arlington, TX is a local culture area
      • Constantly redefining themselves based on interactions with other cultures
      • Also affect places by establishing neighborhoods, building churches or community service to celebrate important days.
    • What are local and popular cultures?
      • Popular- Large, incorporates heterogeneous population is typically urban, and experiences quickly changing cultural traits.
      • New York City, and Los Angeles are popular culture areas.
      • Practices by a heterogeneous group of people
      • Encompasses music, dance, clothing, food, preferences, religious practices, and aesthetic values.