M I G R A T I O N A2


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M I G R A T I O N A2

  1. 1. MIGRATION A Day Block 2
  2. 2. What is Migration? <ul><li>Migration is the movement of people across significant distances. </li></ul><ul><li>Long Term </li></ul><ul><li>Example: a refugee </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic Movement is when you move away for a long time, but eventually come back home. Ex: college </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclic Movement is when you leave, but return within a shot period of time. Ex: school or commuting </li></ul>
  3. 3. The People Who Migrate <ul><li>Emigrants are people who leave a country. They subtract from the population. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants are people incoming to a country. They add to the total population. </li></ul><ul><li>Internal migration is movement within a country. </li></ul><ul><li>International migration is migration between countries </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Movement Changed <ul><li>Migration depends on mobility, which has greatly increased over time. </li></ul><ul><li>During history, most people moved from rural to urban areas. </li></ul><ul><li>In recent years, a lot of people are moving from urban areas to suburban areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. is the most mobile country worldwide... </li></ul><ul><li>:D :D :D :D </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why do people Migrate? <ul><li>Forced Migration: Involuntary movement of people to another country. </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Migration: Migration where people have a choice to move. </li></ul><ul><li>Largest forced migration is the Atlantic Slave trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Both movements consists of push and pull factors. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration increases as disasters increases. </li></ul><ul><li>Men are usually more mobile than women. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Laws of Migration <ul><li>Every migration flow generates a return or counter migration </li></ul><ul><li>Migrants move a short distance </li></ul><ul><li>Longer distance migrants move to big-city locations. </li></ul><ul><li>Urban residents are less migratory than rural inhabitants. </li></ul><ul><li>Families migrate less than young adults. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Push and Pull Factors <ul><li>Pull Factors: conditions that attract people to come </li></ul><ul><li>Push factors: conditions that make people leave </li></ul><ul><li>Types of factors include legal status, economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Push factors include war, politics, and geographical difficulties. </li></ul><ul><li>Pull factors include traditions, technological advancements, and geography. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinship links pull people through certain success. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Where do people migrate to ( South Asia, Southwest Asia, Europe, and Other regions) <ul><li>Guest workers are labor migrants that the western European governments name the are also legal (documented) migrants who have wore visas, usually short term, often the designated governments extend the visas if certain sectors of the economy still need labors. Also foreign immigrants from North America </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees are people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) helped to repatriate most of the refugees from world war 2. After the civil war in Rwanda calmed down in 1996, the UNHCR and the worlds health organization watched and aided as 5,000 Rwandans returned from across the border in the Democratic Republic of Congo. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Where do people migrate to ( South Asia, Southwest Asia, Europe, and Other regions) <ul><li>Out of all the regions in the world sub-Saharan Africa is most impacted by migration because the majority of refugees. </li></ul><ul><li>West Africa civil wars in Liberia and sierra Leone sent columns of hundreds of thousands of refugees streaming into Guinea and Ivory Coast. </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan, which has been in a civil war for two decades, is the site of the worst refugee crisis in Africa today. </li></ul><ul><li>The war in Sudan caused immense damage over 2.2 million people have died in the fighting or have starved as a result of the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Entire north of Sudan is largely Muslim, but only two-thirds of the northerners speak Arabic as their native language </li></ul>
  10. 13. Where do people migrate to ( South Asia, Southwest Asia, Europe, and Other regions) <ul><li>Between 1 to 2 mill. People who fled to vietnam because of war. In the 1900 people fled into Thailand from Cambodia, and victums of the 2000 tusnami moved to myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1980’s there was more than 3 million refuges. Most of Afghanistan’s refuges rose when they’re was retaliation on terrorist bases. Severely damaged economy. </li></ul><ul><li>With the collapse of Yugoslavia the largest refugee crisis since WWII struck Europe. Over 6 million refugee packed up what little they had and move their way into little huts that they could find. Fueled by army conflict 1.6 million refugees could not go back to their homes. </li></ul>
  11. 14. How do Governments affect migration? <ul><li>Control borders </li></ul><ul><li>Migration is a threat </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Great Wall of China, Berlin Wall, Korean DMZ (demilitarized zone) </li></ul><ul><li>Use laws to control illegal/legal immigrants </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Control when they allow immigrants to enter </li></ul><ul><li>Post 9/11 the U.S. was forced to make stricter immigration laws </li></ul><ul><li>Selective immigration restricts immigration from certain backgrounds, criminal records etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Some countries demand certain nationalities to immigrate </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>Before 9/11 had a huge immigration flood due to lax immigration laws </li></ul><ul><li>If illegal immigration in the U.S. keeps increasing the U.S. will have to make stricter laws </li></ul>