Study Review


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Review & Critique of a Tina L. Heafner and
Adam M. Friedman 2008 Study: Wikis and Constructivism in Secondary Social Studies: Fostering a Deeper Understanding

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Study Review

  1. 1. Wikis and Constructivism in Secondary Social Studies: Fostering a Deeper Understanding Review & Critique of a Tina L. Heafner and Adam M. Friedman 2008 Study By Matt Schwartz for IT8140 Seminar in Advanced Technology Integration
  2. 2. Purpose for the Study <ul><li>With new Web 2.0 tools, the internet can now be used for problem-solving; creation, and group collaboration. </li></ul><ul><li>The research was to determine the potential of student wikis to enhance student learning. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Questions to be Answered <ul><li>Would the use of wikis increase student engagement? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the any cognitive benefits with the use of wikis? </li></ul><ul><li>Would there be any differences in student learning in both the short and long term? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Information about the Study <ul><li>A two week unit on World War II would be taught with a control class using the standard teaching methods. </li></ul><ul><li>A test class, taught by the same teacher, would have the students develop wikis about the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The students in the test class would have to visually present and explain different events that took place during WWII (Heafner & Friedman, 2008). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sample used in the study <ul><li>High School U.S. history course </li></ul><ul><li>2 classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Class size ? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>16 students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Hour </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What data was collected? <ul><li>A test for the WWII unit was modeled after the end of the course test given to both classes. </li></ul><ul><li>Eight months later, a follow up interview was conducted. </li></ul><ul><li>The end of the unit test was given again. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How was the data collected? <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Unit and post-test scores </li></ul><ul><li>Student questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up student interviews </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Results <ul><li>The scores for the control class were 6% higher (M C =86.1, M T =79.4). </li></ul><ul><li>The results for the qualitative part of the study were different. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The test class was more engaged, motivated, and had higher interest in learning the WWII unit. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attendance increased for the test class </li></ul><ul><li>Increased students engagement </li></ul>
  9. 9. Eight Months Later <ul><li>This time the test class students scored better than the control class students (M T =66.0, M C =44.0). </li></ul><ul><li>During the students’ interviews, the students from the test class had greater retention and understanding of the WWII unit. </li></ul><ul><li>The test class also associated the WWII unit with the wiki project and could remember more key concepts and parts of the war compared to the control class students. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What was learned. <ul><li>Web 2.0 tools like wikis can increase student engagement. </li></ul><ul><li>Student use of wikis can foster student learning. </li></ul><ul><li>They are cognitive benefits with the use of student created wikis </li></ul><ul><li>There are some differences in student learning for both the short and long term. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Implications of the study <ul><li>I think this study showed there is a benefit using Web 2.0 tools, particularly wikis, in the classroom when taking a constructivism approach to learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Even thought the scores for the test students at the end of the unit were not higher than the control class, the students’ understanding and retention was much higher eight months later. It is also clear that more studies need to be done in the future. </li></ul>
  12. 12. What will I do differently. <ul><li>Use even more student-focused constructivist instruction in my classes through student created projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate more open ended projects where students can take ownership of their work. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What I learned. <ul><li>Student-focused constructivist instruction using wikis can have a lasting impression on students. </li></ul><ul><li>More studies need to be done in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many possibilities with Web 2.0 but only future research will tell if these new tools will really be worth it. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What did I think of the Study. <ul><li>Really enjoyed reading this study. </li></ul><ul><li>Very interested in Web 2.0 tools and uses in education </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to find research studies dealing with Web 2.0 tools. </li></ul>