Realism is defined by the accurate, unembellished, and detailed depiction of nature or contemporary life. The movement prefers an observation of physical appearance rather than imagination or idealization.
Realism often refers to the artistic movement, which began in France in the 1850s.
Gustave Courbet, Stone-Breakers , 1849.
Wilhelm Oswald Gustav Achenback, Abendstimmung in der Campagna , 1850.
John Singer Sargent, Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau), 1884.