“ Dada was a protest by a group of European artists against World War I, bourgeois society, and the conservativism of traditional thought. Its followers used absurdities and non sequiturs to create artworks and performances which defied any intellectual analysis. They also included random "found" objects in sculptures and installations.”-artcyclopedia.com
An early twentieth century art movement which ridiculed contemporary culture and traditional art forms . The movement was formed to prove the bankruptcy of existing style of artistic expression rather than to promote a particular style itself. It was born as a consequence of the collapse during World War I of social and moral values which had developed to that time. Dada artists produced works which were nihilistic or reflected a cynical attitude toward social values, and, at the same time, irrational — absurd and playful, emotive and intuitive, and often cryptic . Less a style than a zeitgeist , Dadaists typically produced art objects in unconventional forms produced by unconventional methods. Several artists employed the chance results of accident as a means of production, for instance. Literally, the word dada means several things in several languages: it's French for "hobbyhorse" and Slavic for "yes yes." Some authorities say that the name Dada is a nonsensical word chosen at random from a dictionary
Arp Jean Arp, Trousse d'un Da , 1920-1921, assemblage of driftwood nailed onto wood with some remains of old painting, 38.7 x 27 x 4.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris. See wood . Jean Arp, Collage Arranged According to the Laws of Chance , 1916-17, torn-and-pasted papers on gray paper , 19 1/8 x 13 5/8 inches (48.6 x 34.6 cm)
Duchamp Marcel Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q. , 1919, rectified readymade , pencil on a reproduction — a chromolithograph , 7 3/4 x 4 7/8 inches, Marcel Duchamp, Fountain , 1917, white glazed ceramic plumbing fixture and painted signature, readymade porcelain urinal on its back, 63 x 48 x 35 cm. Marcel Duchamp, Bicycle Wheel , 1913 / 1964, metal , painted wood , 126.5 x 31.5 x 63.5 cm,
Picabia Francis Picabia, L'Oeil Cacodylate, 1921, oil on canvas, with collaged photographs, postcards and other papers, 148.6 x 117.4 cm, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris La Nuit Espangnole, c.1922 Francis Picabia, Conversation II , c. 1922, watercolor on composition board, 17 7/8 x 23 7/8 inches (45.4 x 60.6 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See torso .