Semicolons and Compound sentencesPresentation Transcript
Showing Relationships: Using the Semicolon, Compound, and Complex Sentences
The Semicolon ; We can relate!
Before we talk about how to use the semicolon, we need a quick review!• What are independent clauses? – An independent clause is a full sentence: it has a subject and a predicate.
Can you find the subject and predicate in the following sentence?
The man loved his dog.
Predicate: The verb (action that the man is Subject: The doing) is “loved.” The man is doing the verb and everything action. after it is the predicate.The man loved his dog.
Keeping this in mind, let’s get to the first use of the semicolon! Semicolons are used to connect two related, independent clauses.
Ice cream is the best food in theworld. My favorite ice cream flavor is cookies and cream. I want to show that these two sentences are related (or, in other words, have something to do with each other…
Notice that the first letter after the semicolon is not capitalized! Ice cream is the best food in theworld; my favorite ice cream flavor is cookies and cream.
Now the reader knows that I enjoy ice cream, and what my favorite flavor is; these two ideas are related!
Avoid using a comma when a semicolon is needed.• Incorrect: I love cheeseburgers, however, I hate how difficult they are to eat.• Correct: I love cheeseburgers; however, I hate how difficult they are to eat.
These are two independent clauses. I love cheeseburgers; however, Ihate how difficult they are to eat. “However” indicates a relationship between the two independent clauses; this clear relationship requires a semicolon.
I hope that Ihaven’t made youtoo hungry! We stillhave more to talkabout!
Semicolons: The End of the Run-on Sentence!
If there is a great deal of internal punctuation, separate the ideas into independent clauses and use the semicolon!• Example: – When dinosaurs agree on something, they’ll often high five one another; dinosaurs are all about high fives. • (from The Oatmeal)
Use the semicolon to combine the following sentences.• I went to the doctor. I hate getting shots.• I was good for the doctor. She gave me a lollipop.• After a long day, I will take a bubble bath. Bubble baths are a great way to relax!• I love cats. They are good companions.
Did you get it right?Let’s check your answers!
Notice that “I” is still capitalized, even though it comes after a semicolon.• I went to the doctor; I hate getting shots.• I was good for the doctor; she gave me a lollipop.• After a long day, I will take a bubble bath; bubble baths are a great way to relax!• I love cats; they are good companions. Because there is a semicolon between sentences, it is clear that “they” refers to “cats.” Semicolons help with clarity in writing!
Semicolons: The Super-Comma! ;
Semicolons separate items in list that contains commas. I travelled to New York, New York; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Portland, Oregon; and San Francisco, California.
Compound Sentences Bring it together!
A compound sentence joins tworelated sentences (or independentclauses) using a comma, and then a conjunction.
Conjunctions are “joining words.”• Coordinating Conjunctions (These are used to create compound sentences; they follow the comma.) • For • And • Nor • But • Or • Yet When choosing a conjunction, make sure that you • So pick one that is appropriate for the relationship between the two sentences.
Compound Sentences with a Comma• I love reading books, but I am usually disappointed by films based on books.
Compound sentences may also becreated with the use of the semicolon.
Compound sentences created with a semicolon are called adverbial conjunctions. They need to be used with a semicolon (;) and a comma (,). Adverbial Conjunctions ; therefore, ; consequently, ; thus, ; furthermore, ; however, ; still, ; also, ; besides, ; moreover, ; nevertheless, ; otherwise, ; then,
Adverbial Conjunctions and the Compound Sentence• I hate when it rains; therefore, I think that rain should be banned!