The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint
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The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint

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The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint The Origins of the Cold War Stanford lesson 11.1 powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • The Origins of the Cold War
  • Remember • The US and Soviet Union were on the same side in WW II • After WW II, Europe was in ruins and former colonial empires were crumbling • The scene was set for increased competition between the US and the USSR
  • Cont. • The Soviet Red Army remained in Eastern Europe after the war which led to the Soviet Bloc • At the same time the US developed policies of containment- in particular the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan
  • Cont. • Yalta Conference- meeting between the US, England and Soviet Union in which they discussed re-establishing the war torn nations of Europe. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, PM Winston Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin attended.
  • Truman Doctrine • US policy of sending aid to any country trying to prevent a communist takeover • Considered the start of the Cold War • It became the basis of US Cold War Policy
  • Marshall Plan • Program under which the US geve economic aid to help re-build postwar Europe
  • Berlin Blockade • The Soviet Union tried to hold West Berlin hostage by refusing food and supplies to be brought in to the people
  • NATO • North Atlantic Treaty Organization- The US, Canada and 10 other countries formed a defensive military alliance and agreed that an attack on one was an attack on all
  • Winston Churchill, “Iron Curtain Speech” 1946
  • Truman Doctrine, 1947
  • The Marshall Plan, 1947
  • NATO Treaty, 1949 Warsaw Pact, 1955
  • Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War: the United States or the Soviet Union?
  • Definitions Document A • Stettin- City in Poland once part of Germany • Trieste- Seaport city in NE Italy • Fifth Column- a group of people who undermine a larger group such as a nation from within
  • Definitions Document B • Totalitarianism- system of gov’t that requires blind obedience • Coercion- persuading someone to do something by using force • Intimidation – frightening someone to do something
  • Iron Curtain Speech 1. Prime Minister of England and a brilliant military strategist- He was a close allay of the Americans 2. Power and to spread communism
  • Definitions Document C • Imperialist- increasing a country’s power by gaining control over other areas • Monopolistic- capitalistic system with monopolies in the hands of a few people • Ensuring- making sure something happens
  • Definitions Document D • Springboard- something that gives assistance to a particular action