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The Italian High Renaissance
 

The Italian High Renaissance

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The Italian High Renaissance The Italian High Renaissance Presentation Transcript

  • The Italian High RenaissanceA Time of Renewal and Discovery
  • Origins✤ The High Renaissance began during the 1480’s, specifically with Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper.✤ It occurred principally in Rome.✤ The Popes in Rome spent copious amounts of money on commissioned works of art during this time.
  • Historical and Cultural Context✤ With the invention and use of the printing press, there was a greater spread of ideas, and artists could sell prints of their work.✤ Travel also increased during the High Renaissance; therefore, art became more international.✤ Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas in 1492, which challenged the classical world view and encouraged a new age of science and math.✤ Changes were also reflected in literature, poetry, philosophy, science, architecture, and music.
  • The Figure✤ The High Renaissance explored classical forms of the figure.✤ Several artists studied human anatomy in an effort to make more realistic paintings and sculptures of the human form.
  • Masters of the High Renaissance✤ Leonardo da Vinci✤ Michelangelo✤ Raphael
  • Leonardo daVinci✤ 1452 – 1519✤ Born in Vinci, Italy.✤ Was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer.✤ His work dissecting human corpses and studying anatomy helped artists develop proper proportions and realism.
  • San Giovenale Triptych (1422) Masaccio The Virgin and Child with St. Anne (1508-1517) da VinciHe also developed the technique of “sfumato”- the blurred outline and mellowed colors that allow one form to merge with another and always leave something to our imagination.
  • Leonardo da Vinci’sVitruvian Man✤ Also known as the Proportions of Man.✤ Uses text and drawing to describe and show the ideal proportions for a human male.✤ Excellent example of the blend of science and art.✤ Combined the classical ideals of the human figure with da Vinci’s own observations.
  • Leonardo daVinci’s Mona✤ 31” x 21”✤ da Vinci’s most famous work of art.✤ One of the first portraits to depict the subject in front of an imaginary background.✤ For many years there was controversy regarding the subject of the painting, though in 2008 it was confirmed that it is Lisa Gherardini del Giocondo.
  • Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper (1495-1498)✤ 15 feet x 29 feet✤ Inspired the book The Da Vinci Code.✤ Controversial because some art historians believe it is Mary Magdalene, rather than the Apostle John, seated next to Jesus.
  • Michelangelo✤ 1475-1564.✤ Believed God put the sculpture within the rock and that the artist must uncover it.✤ Also believed good art comes from divine inspiration and beauty is a path to salvation.✤ Preferred sculpting above all other forms of art. “Every block of stone has a statue inside it and it is the task of the sculptor to discover it.” - Michelangelo
  • Michelangelo’sThe Pieta (1498-1499)✤ Made of marble and is 68.5 in × 76.8 in.✤ Finished when Michelangelo was just 24 years old.✤ Balances the Renaissance ideals of classical beauty and naturalism.✤ When others attributed the sculpture to another artist, Michelangelo carved his name across Mary’s chest.
  • Michelangelo’sThe David (1501-1504)✤ Made of marble that was abandoned by another sculptor, it stands 17 feet tall.✤ Finished when Michelangelo was 29 years old.✤ The statue’s hands and head are disproportionately large. Because the statue was originally intended to be installed on the roofline of a cathedral, it is most likely that Michelangelo did this intentionally, so these important details could be seen from below.
  • Michelangelo’sSistine Chapel (1508-1512)✤ Commissioned by Pope Julius II✤ The center represents 9 moments from the Bible’s Book of Genesis, surrounded by the 12 prophets who prophesied the coming of Jesus.✤ Painted it standing atop scaffolding. It is a fresco.
  • Masculinity inRenaissance Art✤ Why are Michelangelo’s women painted so masculine?✤ The models he used were male.✤ The male figure was considered the ideal of beauty during the Renaissance.
  • Raphael✤ 1483-1520✤ Primarily a painter, but also an architect.✤ Many of his commissions were from the Vatican, specifically Popes Julius II and Leo X.
  • The School of Athens (1510-1511) Raphael✤ 17 x 25 foot fresco✤ Depicts all of the great Greek philosophers - Plato and Aristotle are the two central figures.✤ Represented the revival of classical philosophy during the Renaissance.
  • Early vs. High Italian Renaissance Rome Florence 1480-1520 1400-1490 Focused on the Figure Focused on Linear Perspective Michelangelo da Vinci Brunelleschi Raphael Masaccio financially supported by the financially supported by the Popes and private Medici Family commissions