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RECORDING SOUNDMicrophones and Cables used in Film &             Television
Pickup Patterns Different microphones pick up sound in different  ways. The direction from which a mic records sound is ...
Lavaliere (Lav) Mic Omni-Directional Hands-free (fastened  to clothing with a clip) Used for:   Interviews   News anc...
Handheld Mic Cardioid Used for:   Electronic News    Gathering (ENG)   Interviews   Field Reporting   Game Show Hosts
Shotgun Mic Super Cardioid Often used in  conjunction with a  boom pole Used for:   Film Shoots   Location sound   R...
XLR Cables Most commonly used  cable for attaching an  external mic to a  camera Carries a left  channel, as right  chan...
Other Types of Audio Cables
Recording AccessoriesWindscreens             Pop-Filters These devices are      Used to minimize used to eliminate or   ...
How is Sound Measured? The volume of sound is       Digital & Analog VU Meters  measured in decibels (dB). A VU (volume ...
Tips for Recording Good Sound Each mic has a specific purpose. When choosing a    mic, think about what you are recording...
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Recording Sound

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  • Transcript of "Recording Sound"

    1. 1. RECORDING SOUNDMicrophones and Cables used in Film & Television
    2. 2. Pickup Patterns Different microphones pick up sound in different ways. The direction from which a mic records sound is referred to as its pickup pattern.
    3. 3. Lavaliere (Lav) Mic Omni-Directional Hands-free (fastened to clothing with a clip) Used for:  Interviews  News anchors  Planting in scenes that are hard to place a mic
    4. 4. Handheld Mic Cardioid Used for:  Electronic News Gathering (ENG)  Interviews  Field Reporting  Game Show Hosts
    5. 5. Shotgun Mic Super Cardioid Often used in conjunction with a boom pole Used for:  Film Shoots  Location sound  Recording nature
    6. 6. XLR Cables Most commonly used cable for attaching an external mic to a camera Carries a left channel, as right channel, and a ground wire.
    7. 7. Other Types of Audio Cables
    8. 8. Recording AccessoriesWindscreens Pop-Filters These devices are  Used to minimize used to eliminate or plosives (pop-sounds reduce wind made while talking) in sound, and other the studio ambient environment. sounds, during the recording process.
    9. 9. How is Sound Measured? The volume of sound is Digital & Analog VU Meters measured in decibels (dB). A VU (volume units) meter is used to measure the decibels of a sound. Sound that is louder than 0dB becomes distorted. In the film industry, when a sound is distorted, or too loud, it is referred to as “hot” or “overmodulated”.
    10. 10. Tips for Recording Good Sound Each mic has a specific purpose. When choosing a mic, think about what you are recording and how you want it to sound. Make sure you use headphones to listen to the audio as you record it. This will allow you to hear exactly what is being recorded to tape. Use an external mic. The microphones included on cameras are not high quality, and will produce a low quality audio recording. Eliminate as much background noise as possible. Close windows, shut doors, turn off lights and/or electrical equipment to reduce excess noise and/or buzzing. Hold the mic close to your subject, pointed at her/his mouth. Have the person speak clearly and loudly. Check your VU levels to make sure the audio you are

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